|Back to the province of Arezzo
Arezzo (ZIP code 52100) is 0 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Arezzo has a population of 91.582 inhabitants (Aretini) and a surface of 386,26 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 237,10 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 296 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Piazza Liberta` 1, phone ++39 0575 - 3770, fax ++39 0575 - 377613: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Arezzo had a popolation of 91.626 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 91.582 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -0,05% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 36.491 families with an average of 2,51 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 182 and 1.083 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 901 metres.
Work and workers:There are 3.041 industrial firms employing 16.627 people that are the 35,61% of the total of the workers. There are 3.374 service firms employing 8.899 people that are the 19,06% of the total of the workers. There are also 3.471 firms employing 13.998 people that are the 29,98% of the total of the workers. There are also 676 administrative offices emplying 7.163 workers that are the 15,34% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 46.687 workers, that are the 50,98% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Arezzo rises on the border of a large dell placed between the Valdarno and the Valdichiana.
The economy of Arezzo is mainly based on the textile and engineering industries, wine growing and on tourism. Arezzo is a famous art city, also known for the artistic artisan production.
There are many and different legends about the birth of Arezzo. First certain data testifying a first primitive urban settlement go back to a period included between the fifth and second centuries B. C. in the Etruscan Age.
During Roman Age Arezzo increased its importance. By forming an alliance with Rome it became an important military base and started its expansion towards the southern hilly area. Later, in the last moments of Roman domination around the second century B. C., started for Arezzo a long period of decline that lasted until Middle Ages.
In XI-th century A. C. met its political and economic increase as an artisan centre thanks to the building of several systems for pottery production.
Between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries Arezzo changed its last urban plan by enlarging its ring of walls: in the last Middle Ages Arezzo was an increasing city.
Under the domination of Tarlati the urban plan of Arezzo was settled by the building of a new ring of walls that included all urban settlements of the last years.
After several defeats Arezzo entered the Fiorentine domain in 1384: then started for the city a period of social, population and artistic decline.
Under Florentine domination were destructed many towers and belfries in order to make shooting easier and was built a new ring of walls.
The demolition started in 1538 by Cosimo I of Medici continued until 1561.
The decadent condition lasted in two following centuries: by then Arezzo was confined to a side role and excluded from trading activities.
At the end of sixteenth century, coming to power the Lorena family, there was an economic increase: the Lorena family started a series of works for the reclamation of the territory, the setting of urban plan and decorated Arezzo with treelined avenues.
In the second half of nineteenth century was building the majestic railway that linked Arezzo to Rome and marked the recovery of trading activities.
Among the most interesting monuments in Arezzo we point out here the Chiesa di Santa Maria della Pieve (Saint Mary of Pieve Church), the Basilica di San Francesco (Saint Francesco Basilica), the Chiesa di San Domenico (Saint Domenico Church), the Cathedral, the Palazzo della FraternitÓ dei Laici (Palace of Laymen's Brotherhood), the Palazzo delle Logge (Palace of Logge), the Palazzo Pretorio (Pretorian Palace) and the Museo Diocesano di Arte Sacra (Diocesan Museum of Holy Art).
Among the most famous people who were born in Arezzo we remaind the great poet Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374) and the famous architect Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574).
Among the several and periodical celebrations taking place in Arezzo we point out the traditional Giostra del Saracino that is a medieval horse race occurring on the third Sunday of June and on the first Sunday of September.