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Chitignano

Photo © Municipality of Chitignano Chitigniano

Chitignano (ZIP code 52010) is 31,9 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Chitignano has a population of 955 inhabitants (Chitignanini) and a surface of 14,71 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 64,92 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 282 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Arrigucci 1, phone ++39 0575 - 596713, fax ++39 0575 - 596244: the E-Mail address is chitignano@casentino.toscana.it.

Population: The municipality of Chitignano had a popolation of 817 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 955 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 16,89% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 397 families with an average of 2,41 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 350 and 1.263 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 913 metres.

Work and workers:There are 21 industrial firms employing 66 people that are the 41,77% of the total of the workers. There are 11 service firms employing 17 people that are the 10,76% of the total of the workers. There are also 22 firms employing 63 people that are the 39,87% of the total of the workers. There are also 8 administrative offices emplying 12 workers that are the 7,59% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 158 workers, that are the 16,54% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Chitignano rises on the Alp of Catenaia.

Photo © Municipality of Chitignano Chitigniano

The local economy is mainly based on agriculture and on tourism, being this latter promoted by the presence of thermal springs with chlorine-irony-carbonate properties and of numerous and qualified fine hotels.

The place name probably comes from the Latin proper name of person "Clutinius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added to indicate "belonging".

The historical data about Chitignano go back to 967, when an official document was issued to testify the feudal property of the village to Goffredo di Ildebrando.

The village developed around a castle and later it passed first to the Counts of Chiusi and then to the Ubertini's Counts, who held the control up to the beginning of the XIV-th century, under the direct influence of the city of Florence.

In 1325 the property of the castle of Chitignano passed to Guido Tarlati, Bishop of Arezzp, who held the control up to the end of the same century, when the property came back again to the Ubertini's Counts.

The Ubertini's family got the village by the Republic of Florence and governed it for the next four centuries.

By coming the Medici's family to the power, started for Chitignano a period of political stability, during which the village was elevated to the rank of a "Podestà's seat". At that time the thermal springs were discovered and used to treat some ills.

In the middle of the XVIII-th century, by passing the power to the Lorena's Dukes, the village reached its municipal autonomy.

Photo © Municipality of Chitignano Chitigniano

The Lorena's Dukes contributed to give an impulse to the economy thanks to their wise policy that mainly aimed to increase the rural cultivations and to exploit the wooden resources.

At the beginning of the XIX-th century the Lorena's domination was interrupted by the invasion of the territory of the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte that stayed on until 1814, when Chitignano entered the Tuscan Grand Dukedom, coming back again to the Lorena's Dukes.

In 1861 Chitignano was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Chitignano we point out here the Parrocchia di San Vincenzo (Saint Vincent Parish), the Castello dei Conti Ubertini (Ubertini Counts' Castle) and the Podesteria (Podestà's seat).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Chitignano we remind the "Saint Vincent Feast" held yearly on Febrary 22th in honour of the Patron Saint.