Back to the province of Firenze

Bagno a Ripoli

Foto © Editori dell'Acero Santa Maria all`Antella

Bagno a Ripoli (ZIP code 50012) is 10,3 kilometers far from Firenze, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Bagno a Ripoli has a population of 25.228 inhabitants (Bagnesi) and a surface of 74,09 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 340,50 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 75 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza della Vittoria 1, phone ++39 055 - 63901, fax ++39 055 - 6390267: the E-Mail address is urp@comune.bagno-a-ripoli.fi.it.

Population: The municipality of Bagno a Ripoli had a popolation of 27.382 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 25.228 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -7,87% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 9.466 families with an average of 2,67 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 60 and 595 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 535 metres.

Foto © Editori dell'Acero San Donnino a Villamagna

Work and workers:There are 589 industrial firms employing 3.646 people that are the 39,71% of the total of the workers. There are 527 service firms employing 1.606 people that are the 17,49% of the total of the workers. There are also 505 firms employing 2.292 people that are the 24,96% of the total of the workers. There are also 86 administrative offices emplying 1.637 workers that are the 17,83% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 9.181 workers, that are the 36,39% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Bagno a Ripoli rises in the south-eastern part of Florence, along the area extending between the Arno and the Ema rivers.

The local economy is active in the agricultural field by the production of cereals, fruit, vegetables, olives and oil. Remarkable is also the activity of the electromechanical and dockyard industries.

The place name comes from a compound name of "Bagno" (bath), with reference to some ancient bathing thermes, and of "Ripoli" coming from the Latin word "ripa" that literally means "bank".

The first settlements in the area of Bagno a Ripoli formed in the Age of the Etruscans, who gave it the name "Marm".

Foto © Editori dell'Acero San Donnino a Villamagna: la Torre Campanaria

In the III-th century B. C. Bagno a Ripoli was an important trading centre, known as "Quarto" because the town was placed along the so called "Via Cassia" four miles away from Florence.

During the XIII-th century the Legacy of Ripoli formed comprising some close territories and it had some administrative and militar functions.

The Legacy of Ripoli was one of the seventy-two communities in which the Florentine countryside was divided.

At that time the main economic means came from agriculture thanks to both the fertility of its lands and the closeness to the rich market of Florence. Later the wool manufacture also developed.

Bagno a Ripoli, being a Florentine domain, experienced all political events interesting the Florentine Republic, mainly the internal conflicts between the Ghuelph faction (Papacy's supporter) and the Ghibelline one (Empire's supporter) that only ended with the coming of the Medici's family to the power.

Since the XV-th century some works for the reclamation of the territory was started and thus Bagno a Ripoli enjoyed a great prosperty. The town was considered particularly suggestive for its landscapes and so it was enriched by building numerous villas and gardens.

At the end of the XVIII-th century the Lorena's Dukes succeeded to the Medici's Grand Dukes to the power. The Lorena's Dukes held their power for more than a century.

Foto © Editori dell'Acero Pieve di San Pietro a Ripoli

In 1861 Bagno a Ripoli was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Bagno a Ripoli we point out here the Chiesa di San Pietro (Saint Peter's Church), the Oratorio di Santa Caterina (Saint Catherine Oratory), the Chiesa di Santa Maria a Quarto (Saint Mary Church in Quarto) and the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Bagno a Ripoli we remind here the "Palio delle Contrade" (Race of the Districts) held yearly on the second Sunday of September.
The celebration consists of a parade of noblemen horsing, ladies and men waving flags in Medieval costumes and the traditional "Star Tournment" (the participants try to put their swords in a star holding by a lion's feet).