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Rufina

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Rufina (ZIP code 50068) is 29 kilometers far from Firenze, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Rufina has a population of 6.669 inhabitants (Rufinesi) and a surface of 45,68 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 145,99 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 115 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Piave 5, phone ++39 055 - 839651, fax ++39 055 - 8396028: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.rufina.fi.it.

Population: The municipality of Rufina had a popolation of 5.922 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 6.669 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 12,61% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 2.620 families with an average of 2,55 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 99 and 1.083 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 984 metres.

Work and workers:There are 217 industrial firms employing 1.026 people that are the 56,19% of the total of the workers. There are 146 service firms employing 321 people that are the 17,58% of the total of the workers. There are also 108 firms employing 315 people that are the 17,25% of the total of the workers. There are also 34 administrative offices emplying 164 workers that are the 8,98% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.826 workers, that are the 27,38% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Rufina rises in the very heart of the valley of the Sieve river.

The local economy is mainly based on the agriculture and especially on the vine production, by existing on the territory numerous vine industries producing a very good Chianti wine. There are also some shoe making and plastic industries.

The place name comes from the ancient proper name of person "Rufina", being this latter referable both to the Etruscan name "Ruvfni" and to the Latin one "Rufenus" or "Rufinus".

The origin and the successive development of the village of Rufina started around the XIII-th century, when the area was divided into different parts, each one under different jurisdiction.

The territory of Rufina was quarrelled among the Bishops of Fiesole, the Guidi Counts and the city of Florence. At the beginning of the XIV-th century this latter conquered the village and annexed it to the so called Legacy of Diacceto (today named Pontassieve).

A part of the territory remained under the formal jurisdiction of Bishops of Fiesole, but still continuing to subdue the Florentine influence.

During the Florentine domination, first under the Medici's family and then under the Lorena's Dukes, the village of Rufina developed and consolidated its economy, mainly based on the vineyard cultivation which from a famous wine was produced.

Rufina increased its economic richness but continued to have a marginal political role because it was still part of the Legacy of Diacceto, being this latter elevated, in 1736, to the rank of Podestà's seat thanks to the Lorena's reforms.

At the beginning of the XIX-th century, when the territory was occupied by the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, the territory of Rufina was first took off from the Podestà's seat of Diacceto and then included to the community of Pelago.

The actual common of Rufina was born only after the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Rufina we point out here the Chiesa di Santo Stefano a Castiglioni (Saint Stephen Church in Castiglioni), the Chiesa di San Bartolomeo a Pomino (Saint Bartholomew Church in Pomino), the Castello di Falgano (Falgano's Castle) and the Villa di Poggio Reale (Villa of Poggio Reale), hosting the "Museum of the Vineyard and Wine".

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Rufina we remind here the traditional food and wine showing called "Bacco Artigiano" held yearly on September.