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Vinci (ZIP code 50059) is 45 kilometers far from Firenze, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Vinci has a population of 13.765 inhabitants (Vinciani) and a surface of 54,43 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 252,89 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 97 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 29, phone ++39 0571 - 9331, fax ++39 0571 - 56388: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Vinci had a popolation of 13.747 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 13.765 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 0,13% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 5.006 families with an average of 2,75 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 23 and 633 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 610 metres.
Work and workers:There are 525 industrial firms employing 3.410 people that are the 59,15% of the total of the workers. There are 325 service firms employing 955 people that are the 16,57% of the total of the workers. There are also 320 firms employing 1.017 people that are the 17,64% of the total of the workers. There are also 64 administrative offices emplying 383 workers that are the 6,64% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 5.765 workers, that are the 41,88% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Vinci rises along the south-western side of the Albano mount, in the low Valdarno area.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of vine grape, olives and on the activity of numerous industries working for the manufacturing of plastic material and potter's clay and for the production of paper, clothes and furniture.
The place name probably comes from the Latin "vincus", with the meaning of "wicker", and later this latter got its actual form according to the Latin word "vincis".
The village of Vinci was born during the Middle Ages around a fortified castle built by the Guidi's Counts, who were extending their influence on that area.
Few years later Vinci passed to the Alberti's Counts and during the first half of the XII-th century, the Republic of Florence bought the village and annexed it to its domains.
The inhabitants, who were already influenced by its ancient lords, organized numerous rebellions against the Florentine power and in 1315 they opposed to Florence, being helped by the commander Uguccione della Faggiola, who governed the village for three years.
Entered again the Florentine orbit, the village of Vinci subdued the consequences of the conflicts existing between Florence and Pisa that quarrelled for the control of the territories of the Valdarno area.
After a peaceful period, the conflicts started again and culminated in a real war that, at the end of the XIV-th century, saw the inhabitants of Vinci fighting against the troops hostile to the Florentine power.
The situation was pacificated just in the middle of the XVI-th century, when the Medici's Grand Dukes came to the power and started both to increase the local economy and to embellished the town by building elegant palaces.
By dieing the last Medici's direct descendant, occurred on the beginning of the XVIII-th century, the property of Vinci passed to the Lorena's Dukes, who held the control of the village up to the beginning of the next century.
At that time the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte invaded the territory and stayed on until 1814, when Vinci entered the Tuscan Grand Dukedom up to its annexing to the Reing of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Vinci we point out here the Chiesa di Santa Croce (Holy Cross Church), the Santuario della Santissima Annunziata (Holiest Our Lady Sanctuary), the Museo Leonardiano (Leonardo's Museum), the Museo ideale di Leonardo da Vinci (Ideal Museum of Leonardo da Vinci) and the Castello dei Guidi (Guidi's Castle).
Among famous people who were born in Vinci we remind the world-wide famous artist and scientist Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519).