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Magliano in Toscana

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Magliano in Toscana (ZIP code 58051) is 39,3 kilometers far from Grosseto, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Magliano in Toscana has a population of 3.719 inhabitants (Maglianesi) and a surface of 251,28 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 14,80 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 128 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Xxiv Maggio 9, phone ++39 0564 - 59341, fax ++39 0564 - 592517: the E-Mail address is info@comune.magliano-in-toscana.gr.it.

Population: The municipality of Magliano in Toscana had a popolation of 4.082 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.719 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -8,89% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.404 families with an average of 2,65 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 74 and 410 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 336 metres.

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Work and workers:There are 48 industrial firms employing 103 people that are the 17,82% of the total of the workers. There are 69 service firms employing 116 people that are the 20,07% of the total of the workers. There are also 105 firms employing 296 people that are the 51,21% of the total of the workers. There are also 27 administrative offices emplying 63 workers that are the 10,90% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 578 workers, that are the 15,54% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Magliano in Toscana rises in the Maremma area.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of vine grapes, olives and on cattle breeding.

The place name probably comes from the compound of the Latin proper name of person "Mallius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added to indicate "belonging", and of the specification "Toscana" (Tuscany) that was added in 1862.

The birth of the village of Magliano in Toscana occurred around the VI-th century B. C., when an Etruscan centre called "Heba" was founded on the territory. In the III-th century the village passed to the Romans.

During the Roman domination started a period of decadence due to the collapse of the Roman Empire, after which the territory depopulated.

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During the XI-th century the territory was under the jurisdiction of the Aldobrandeschi's Counts who made a castle erected, whose around the community of Magliano in Toscana gathered building the first houses.

Along the next centuries the castle of Magliano in Toscana passed first to Bernardino di Magliano, an Aldobrandeschi's vassal, and then to the Aldobrandeschi's family of the Santa Fiora branch.

From the XIII-th century Magliano in Toscana was quarreled between the new Lords and the Republic of Florence, subduing political and military conflicts and their alternating to the power.

During the same period the territory of Magliano in Toscana subdued a siege by the English troops of the commander John Hawkood, after which the inhabitants started the fortification of the village by building a ring of walls equipped with towers.

The situation of political and economic instability lasted up to the middle of the XV-th century, when the Republic of Florence put to end the ancient quarrel by conquering and annexing Magliano in Toscana to its countryside.

Entered the orbit of the Medici's Grand Dukedom, Magliano in Toscana was gave as a feud by Cosimo I of Medici to Cornelio Bentivoglio, who was general of the Medici's troops. His family held the property of the village up to the XVIII-th century.

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Later the Lorena's Dukes came to the power of the Tuscany. They gave to the village of Magliano in Toscana its autonomy and the opportunity to give itself own statutes.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Magliano in Toscana we point out here the Chiesa di San Martino (SaintMartin Church), the Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Church), the Chiesa dell'Annunziata (Our Lady's Annunciation Church), the Palazzo dei Priori (Priors' Palace), the Palazzo di Checco il Bello (Palace of Checco the Handsome) and the Centro di Documentazione Archeologica (Centre of Archaeological Documentation).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Magliano in Toscana we remind here the traditional festival called "Primizie di Vinellando" held yearly on March and during which it is possible both to taste good local wines and fine typical courses and to visit the interesting close archaeological sites.