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Santa Fiora

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Santa Fiora (ZIP code 58037) is 63,2 kilometers far from Grosseto, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Santa Fiora has a population of 2.730 inhabitants (Santafioresi) and a surface of 62,9 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 43,40 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 687 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Garibaldi, phone ++39 0564 - 979611, fax ++39 0564 - 979621: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.santafiora.gr.it.

Population: The municipality of Santa Fiora had a popolation of 3.008 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.730 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -9,24% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.303 families with an average of 2,10 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 380 and 1.614 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.234 metres.

Work and workers: There are 61 industrial firms employing 282 people that are the 29,59% of the total of the workers. There are 64 service firms employing 182 people that are the 19,10% of the total of the workers. There are also 87 firms employing 382 people that are the 40,08% of the total of the workers. There are also 31 administrative offices emplying 107 workers that are the 11,23% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 953 workers, that are the 34,91% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Santa Fiora rises on the southerner slope of the Amiata mount, extending along the valley of the Fiora river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of fruits, vegetables and on the diatomaceous earth (calcined siliceous sand that is used as a leaking in the chemical analyses or as an abrasive).

The place name probably comes from the name of an ancient parish entitled to Saint Fiora.

The foundation of the village occurred during the Early Middle Ages and since 890 it was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Saint Salvatore Abbey.

At the beginning of the XI-th century the Aldobrandeschi's Counts conquered the territory, taking the control of the village away from the abbey: they fortified Santa Fiora by building an imposing castle.

The village became one of the main Aldobrandeschi's fortress of the territory and during the XIII-th century the castle reached such an importance that the Aldobrandeschi were called "Counts of Santa Fiora".

Later the Aldobrandeschi's influence started to decline as well as the importance of the village of Santa Fiora, being able this latter to raise its political and economic chances up just in 1439, thanks to the wedding between Cecilia Aldobrandeschi and Bosio Sforza from Milan.

Nevertheless the period of the Sforza's domination was short because, having this latter some economic interests in Rome, their native city, they left the territory that in the middle of the XV-th century passed to the Republic of Florence.

During the Florentine domination the village of Santa Fiora experienced a period of economic crisis started by coming the Medici's Grand Dukes to the power, reaching its minimum by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power. This latter abolished the feudalism and took the hegemony of the territory away from the feudatories thus leaving the territory without the economic resources invested by the same feudatories.

The real economic development of Santa Fiora occurred during modern times and after only the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Santa Fiora we point out here the Pieve di Santa Fiora e Lucilla (Saint Fiora and Lucilla Parish), the Chiesa di Sant'Agostino (Saint Augustine Church), the Oratorio della Madonna delle Nevi (Our Lady of the Snow Oratory), the Palazzo Cesarini Sforza (Cesarini Sforza Palace) and the Peschiera (Fish Market).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Santa Fiora we remind the traditional "Mushroom Festival" held yearly on October in honour of the mushroom, product-symbol of the wood. During the celebration it is possible to taste the typical local courses mushrooms-based.