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Marciana

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Marciana

Marciana (ZIP code 57030) is 151,7 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Marciana has a population of 2.140 inhabitants (Marcianesi) and a surface of 45,15 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 47,40 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 375 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via S. Croce 34, phone ++39 0565 - 901215, fax ++39 0565 - 901076: the E-Mail address is info@comune.marciana.li.it.

Population: The municipality of Marciana had a popolation of 2.244 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.140 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -4,63% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 934 families with an average of 2,29 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 187 and 1.018 metres above sea level.

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Chiesa Madonna del Monte

The altimetric spawn is thus of 831 metres.

Work and workers:There are 49 industrial firms employing 136 people that are the 17,15% of the total of the workers. There are 72 service firms employing 118 people that are the 14,88% of the total of the workers. There are also 145 firms employing 466 people that are the 58,76% of the total of the workers. There are also 8 administrative offices emplying 73 workers that are the 9,21% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 793 workers, that are the 37,06% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Marciana rises on the northern side of the Capanne mount.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of vine grape and on summer tourism, thanks to some famous bathing resorts, among them the fine resort of Procchio, and on the presence of numerous and qualified hotels.

The place name probably comes from the Latin proper name of person "Marcius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added to indicate "belonging".

The first human traces in the territory of Marciana go back to the Bronze Age, as testified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light, dating back to that time and saved in the local Civic Archaeological Museum.

The first settlements were founded during the Roman Age and they consolidated during the Byzantine Age, who settled down after the collapse of the Roman Empire.

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Chiesa San Liborio

Since the IX-th century the village of Marciana belonged to the Bishopric of Pisa that started a great work for its fortification in order to defend it from the recurrent hostile incursions.

Due to its strategic geographical position close to the coast, joining the isle of Elba to the Corsica, the village of Marciana was quarrelled for a long between the cities of Pisa and Piombino, subduing the alternating dominations of the two cities.

Owing to the decline of the Republic of Pisa, caused by the defeat subdued in the Meloria Battle, the Princedom of Piombino, governed this latter by the Appiano's family, came to the power of Marciana.

The Appiano'family started to restore and modernize the ancient fortifications so that the village of Marciana became one of military stronghold of the Princedom of Piombino along the western coast of the isle.

Therefore started for the village a period of economic prosperity promoted by the intervention operated by Gherardo d'Appiano's wife, Donna Paola Colonna, who wanted both the restoration of the village and the building of new palaces: Marciana at that time even coined its own money.

During the next centuries the Appiano had to contrast the increasing power of the Republic of Flonrece, having this latter already conquered a part of the isle of Elba. This latter was divided between the Medici's Grand Dukes, came to the power of Florence, and the Spanishs.

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Chiesa di San Lorenzo

At the beginning of the XIX-th century Marciana subdued the invasion of the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte that occupied the whole isle of Elba until 1814.

When the French occupation ended, Marciana entered again the Tuscan Grand Dukedom until 1861, when it was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Marciana we point out here the Santuario della Madonna del Monte (Our Lady of the Mount Sanctuary), the Chiesa di Santa Caterina (Saint Catherine Church), the Fortezza di Marciana (Fortress of Marciana) and the Museo Civico Archeologico (Civic Archaeological Museum).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Marciana we remind the "Chestnut Festival" held yearly on the end of October in the close locality of Poggio and during which it is possible to taste the good typical local foods and wines.