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Sassetta

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Sassetta (ZIP code 57020) is 84 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Sassetta has a population of 548 inhabitants (Sassetani) and a surface of 26,6 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 20,60 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 325 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Roma 15, phone ++39 0565 - 794223, fax ++39 0565 - 794203: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.sassetta.li.it.

Population: The municipality of Sassetta had a popolation of 553 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 548 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -0,90% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 253 families with an average of 2,17 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 68 and 525 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 457 metres.

Work and workers:There are 10 industrial firms employing 41 people that are the 33,06% of the total of the workers. There are 9 service firms employing 17 people that are the 13,71% of the total of the workers. There are also 21 firms employing 54 people that are the 43,55% of the total of the workers. There are also 6 administrative offices emplying 12 workers that are the 9,68% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 124 workers, that are the 22,63% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Sassetta rises along the eastern side of the Capo di Monte mount, close to the wooden areas of the Cecina and Cornia valleys.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of chestnuts, olives, vine grapes and fodders.

The place name is a diminutive of the Latin word "saxum" with the literal meaning of "rock, stone".

The origin of the village goes back to the XII-th century, when a castle was built on the territory. The castle was under the jurisdiction of the Pannocchia's family, being this latter vassals of the noble Pisan Orlandi's family.

The Pannocchia's domination lasted up to the beginning of the XV-th century, when due to the collapse of the Republic of Pisa operated by the Florentines, all the Pisan domains became properties of the Republic of Florence.

During the Florentine domination, the Orlandi's family declared its loyality to the Florentine Republic in order to get some rights on the village. In 1513 the Orlandini's family broke the oath and Florence confiscated all the domains, among them there was also Sassetta, and annexed them to the Florentine countryside.

In 1524 the Medici's Grand Dukes gave the village of Sassetta to Filippo Strozzi, to whom it was later confiscated with the charge of treason.

Under the Medici's government Sassetta was subdued to an important territorial revaluation: the reclamation of the territory made lands cultivable and thus the agriculture became one of the main local economic resources.

During the next centuries the Medici's Grand Dukes gave the village of Sassetta as a feud to different lordships who took in turns to the power. Among them we remind here the Lordship of Antonio Ramirez de Montalvo, who made the homonymous palace built on the remains of the ancient Orlandini's castle.

During the Florentine domination the village reached a great economic importance but only by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power it got its autonomy.

The Lorena's Dukes governed Sassetta improved both the economic system, based on the rural cultivations, and to the urban structure by restoring the whole town.

After the invasion of the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte that lasted until 1814, Sassetta entered the Tuscan Grand Dukedom up to its annexing to the Reign of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Sassetta we point out here the Parrocchiale di Sant'Andrea (Saint Andrew Parish), the Palazzo Ramirez de Montalvo (Ramirez de Montalvo's Palace) and the Parco naturalistico-forestale di Poggio Neri (Natural-Forest Park of Poggio Neri).

Among famous people who were born in Sassetta we remind here the painter Francesco Carducci, named "Cecco della Teresina" (XIX - XX-th century).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Sassetta we point out here the traditional "Thrush and Fig Festival" held yearly on October and during which it is possible to taste several good local foods like figs, chestnuts and other fine typical courses.