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Fabbriche di Vallico

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Fabbriche di Vallico (ZIP code 55020) is 39,2 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Fabbriche di Vallico has a population of 526 inhabitants (Fabbrichini) and a surface of 15,52 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 33,89 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 349 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Localita` Campaccio, phone ++39 0583 - 761944, fax ++39 0583 - 761762: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.fabbrichedivallico.lu.it.

Population: The municipality of Fabbriche di Vallico had a popolation of 591 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 526 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -11,00% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 233 families with an average of 2,26 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 200 and 1.184 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 984 metres.

Work and workers:There are 9 industrial firms employing 38 people that are the 32,20% of the total of the workers. There are 13 service firms employing 30 people that are the 25,42% of the total of the workers. There are also 10 firms employing 34 people that are the 28,81% of the total of the workers. There are also 6 administrative offices emplying 16 workers that are the 13,56% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 118 workers, that are the 22,43% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Fabbriche di Vallico rises in the territory of the Garfagnana area, close to the Turrite Cava torrent.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of grapes, potatoes, on the breeding of swines and on the activity of numerous industries for paper and packaging production.

The actual toponym of the town, got in 1950, comes from the compound of "fabbrica", with the meaning of "workshop", and of "vallico", coming this latter from the Latin "vallis", that means "valley". In ancient times the locality was named "Trassilico".

The first settlements in the territory of Fabbriche di Vallico go back to the V-th century B.C., when the Ligurian Apuani popolated the area up to the Roman Age.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire the whole area was conquered by the Longbards, who formed the first residential settlement of Fabbriche di Vallico.

The first historical data about the birth of the village and its following condolidation go back to the X-th century nevertheless.

Since the beginning the village of Fabbriche di Vallico was part of the Vicarship of the close locality of Trassilico, subduing its politica influence up to the XIII-th century.

During the next century the comunity of Fabbriche di Vallico started to develop an artisan iron manufacturing for armatures producing, as well as swords and working tools producing. At the same time the first workshops for the textile manufacture were open.

Due to its geographical position along the boundary of the possessions of the cities of Florence, Lucca and Modena, the village of Fabbriche di Vallico subdued devastations operated by these cities that tried to conquer the village and put it under their jurisdiction.

The village was quarrelled up to the XV-th century, when it was conquered by the Dukedom of Modena, under the Estensi's government.

Since the second half of the X-th century the Estensi's family reached the control of the whole Garfagnana area and thus Fabbriche di Vallico entered the Dukedom of Modena up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Fabbriche di Vallico we point out here the Chiesa di San Jacopo (Saint Jacopo Church), the Mulino (Mill), the Ponte Medievale (Medieval Bridge) and the Palazzi (Palaces).

Among the several celebration periodically taking place in Fabbriche di Vallico we remind the traditional "Our Lady's Fair" held yearly on March 25th and during which it is possible both to admire the fine crafts of local production and to taste some delicious typical local foods.