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Pescaglia

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Pescaglia

Pescaglia (ZIP code 55064) is 23,6 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Pescaglia has a population of 3.718 inhabitants (Pescaglini) and a surface of 70,42 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 52,80 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 504 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Roma 2, phone ++39 0583 - 35401, fax ++39 0583 - 3540215: the E-Mail address is comune.pescaglia@tin.it.

Population: The municipality of Pescaglia had a popolation of 3.762 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.718 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -1,17% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.423 families with an average of 2,61 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 73 and 1.233 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.160 metres.

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Il Municipio di Pescaglia

Work and workers:There are 105 industrial firms employing 649 people that are the 63,94% of the total of the workers. There are 54 service firms employing 100 people that are the 9,85% of the total of the workers. There are also 74 firms employing 181 people that are the 17,83% of the total of the workers. There are also 21 administrative offices emplying 85 workers that are the 8,37% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.015 workers, that are the 27,30% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Pescaglia rises on an eastern slope of the Apuans Alps.

The local economy is mainly based on industrial activities and especially on the paper making industry. Remarkable is also tourism thanks to the beauty of both its landscapes and its monuments.

There are numerous hypothesis about the meaning of place name: according to somebody it could come from the Latin "piscalia", with the meaning of "fishmonger's shop", whereas somebody else supposes that it should refer to the dialectal word "persico" that means "peach-tree" and according other ones it could come from the Latin "pescuum" with the meaning of "pasture".

The foundation of the village of Pescaglia goes back to the XI-th century, when it was under the jurisdiction of the Longbard Soffredinghi's family, who exercised their influence on the village up to the second half of the XIII-th century.

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San Martino in Freddana

In 1272 the powerful city of Lucca extended its jurisdiction to the territory of Pescaglia conquering the village and annexing it to its domains.

The government of Pescaglia was added to the Vicarship of Coreglia and then gave to the family of Antelminelli, while remaining under the influence of Lucca.

Between the XIV-th and XV-th century Pescaglia subdued numerous invasions so Lucca decided to fortify the village by building a ring of walls so to face the recurrent attacks.

In 1440 the city of Florence, having this latter started its territorial expansion, conquered the village of Pescaglia nevertheless.

In 1470 Lucca got again the control of Pescaglia that, in 1602 was elevated to the rank of Town Hall of the Vicarship of Lucca and staying under the influence of Lucca nevertheless, Pescaglia got its importance and its autonomy.

At the end of the XIX-th century Tuscany was invaded by the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, who constituted the Reign of Etruria.

In 1806 the territory of Pescaglia was unified to that one of the close town of Camaiore, so losing its autonomy and becoming a canton of the new reign.

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Chiesa San Pietro Apostolo

After the collapse of the Napoleonic Empire, occurred on 1814, Pescaglia was added to the domains of Lucca and in 1837 the town got again its autonomy.

In 1861 Pescaglia was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Pescaglia we point out here the Pieve di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Parish), the Teatrino di Vetriano (Vetriano's little Theatre), the Museo di Puccini (Puccini's Museum) and the Museo del Castagno (Chestnut-tree Museum).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Pescaglia we remind here the traditional "Potato Festival" yearly held on August, offering to the participants the possibility of tasting the local typical courses.