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Carrara

Carrara (ZIP code 54033) is 10 kilometers far from Massa-Carrara, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Photo © Wikipedia The town of Carrara

Carrara has a population of 65.560 inhabitants (Carresi o Carraresi) and a surface of 71,29 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 919,62 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 100 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza 2 Giugno 1, phone ++39 0585 - 6411, fax ++39 0585 - 641381: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.carrara.ms.it.

Population: The municipality of Carrara had a popolation of 67.197 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 65.560 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -2,44% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 26.235 families with an average of 2,50 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 73 and 1.610 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.537 metres.

Work and workers:There are 1.369 industrial firms employing 5.834 people that are the 28,52% of the total of the workers. There are 1.760 service firms employing 4.058 people that are the 19,84% of the total of the workers. There are also 1.909 firms employing 6.878 people that are the 33,62% of the total of the workers. There are also 387 administrative offices emplying 3.688 workers that are the 18,03% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 20.458 workers, that are the 31,21% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Carrara rises along the western slopes of the Apuane Alps, along the banks of the Carrione torrent.

The local economy is mainly based on the mining and processing of the valuable world-wide famous marble of Carrara.

Photo © Wikipedia Palazzo Ducale

According to some hypotheses, the place name could come from the Latin "carraria", with the meaning of "road for carts", or it could come from the word "carra", with the meaning of "rock".

The first settlements in the area of Carrara go back to the Roman Age, during which both the marble mining and processing were already active.

The real consolidation of the village occurred starting from the X-th century, as testified by a document dating back to 936 in which is quoted the donation of the village by the Carolingian emperor Ottone I to the Bishopric of Luni.

At the end of the XII-th century the marble mining activity reached its maximum level, giving to the village a great economic importance: at the same time the locality became seat of the Bishopric of Luni.

During the next centuries started a conflict between the ecclesiastical power and the inhabitants, wanting this latter its municipal autonomy and Guglielmo Malaspina imposed its influence on the village. He was a feudatory belonging to the Estensi's family, who took the power away from the bishops and put the village under his domination.

The new lord of Carrara started the fortification of the village that was conquered by the Florentines nevertheless. The Florentines quarrelled the village with the Lords of Genoa up to the end of the XV-th century, when it came back to the Malaspina's family.

At that time the village experienced a phase of economic flourishing, also becoming the favourite destination of artists and craftsmen who looked for the valuable marble of Carrara.

Photo © Wikipedia A particular of Carrara

After the French occupation leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, occurred on the beginning of the next century, the town of Carrara was annexed to the Dukedom of Modena, under the Estensi's family.

In the middle of the XIX-th century started the building of a port, nearby the actual locality of Marina of Carrara, from which numerous cargos of marble left to numerous Italian cities.

In 1861 Carrara was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Carrara we point out here the Duomo (Cathedral), the Chiesa del Suffragio (Church of Suffrage), the Chiesa del Carmine (Carmine Church), the Chiesa della Madonnna delle Grazie (Our Lady of the Graces Church), the Palazzo Politeama Giuseppe Verdi (Politeama Giuseppe Verdi Palace), the Accademia di Belle Arti (Academy of the Fine Arts) and the Cave di Carrara (Caves of Carrara).

Among famous people who were born in Carrara we remind here the jurist and politician Pellegrino Rossi (1787-1848).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Carrara we point out the "International Marble Exhibit" held yearly on May in the locality of Marina of Carrara, in which it is possible to see an exhibition of machines and tools used for the marble mining and processing.