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Fosdinovo

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The town of Fosdinovo

Fosdinovo (ZIP code 54035) is 30,4 kilometers far from Massa-Carrara, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Fosdinovo has a population of 4.339 inhabitants (Fosdinovesi) and a surface of 48,7 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 89,10 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 500 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Roma 4, phone ++39 0187 - 680711, fax ++39 0187 - 6807235: the E-Mail address is info@fosdinovoinlunigiana.it.

Population: The municipality of Fosdinovo had a popolation of 3.949 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 4.339 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 9,88% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.922 families with an average of 2,26 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 289 and 976 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 687 metres.

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Malaspina Castle of Fosdinovo

Work and workers:There are 62 industrial firms employing 174 people that are the 25,29% of the total of the workers. There are 71 service firms employing 218 people that are the 31,69% of the total of the workers. There are also 90 firms employing 237 people that are the 34,45% of the total of the workers. There are also 22 administrative offices emplying 59 workers that are the 8,58% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 688 workers, that are the 15,86% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Fosdinovo rises on a hill placed along the lower valley of the Magra river.

The local economy is mainly based on agriculture and breeding of bovines. The olive-trees cultivated in Fosdinovo produce a very famous and valuable olive oil.

The etymology of the place name is not clear, it is supposed that it comes from the name of an artificial ditch that was probably dug in ancient times.

The foundation of the village occurred during the Early Middle Ages, when a castle was built in the territory in order to control the important road joining the valley of the Magra river to the coast and thus also the trading activities.

The village was first under the jurisdiction of some noble families and in the XII-th century it passed to the Bishopric of Luni.

During the same century the quarrel existing between the noblemen of Fosdinovo and the Bishops of Luni for the control of the village aggravated lasting for a long up to 1306, when the famous poet Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) reached Fosdinovo as diplomatic. Then the village was gave to Castruccio Castracani.

From 1340 the castle of Fosdinovo was under the jurisdiction of the Malaspina's family that bought the village and fortified it by building a ring of defensive walls equipped with cylindrical towers.

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A particular of the Church of Sanremigio

The period of the Malaspina's domination was probably the most flourishing one in the history of Fosdinovo that, far from those battles fought between the XVI-th and XVII-th century in the whole Tuscan region, enriched itself thanks both to its local productions and to the trading with the close towns, so to be authorized by the Empire, in 1666, to coin its own money.

The Malaspina's family dominated the territory of Fosdinovo up to the end of the XVIII-th century, when occurred the invasion of the Napoleonic troops who stayed on until 1814, when the Treaty of Vienna assigned the village to the Dukedom of Modena, being this latter under the authority of the Estensi's family.

The Estensi elevated Fosdinovo to the rank of capital of the Lunigiana area. Such condition lasted up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Fosdinovo we point out here the Parrocchiale di San Remigio (Saint Remigio Parish), the Oratorio della Compagnia dei Bianchi (Whites' Company Oratory) and the Castello (Castle).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Fosdinovo we remind here the "Testarolo Feast" held yearly on the third Sunday of July. During the celebration it is possible both to attend musical shows and to taste the "Testarolo" that is a fine typical course (unleavened bread cut into little pieces and flavoured).