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Montignoso

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Montignoso (ZIP code 54038) is 5,2 kilometers far from Massa-Carrara, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Montignoso has a population of 10.028 inhabitants (Montignosini) and a surface of 16,62 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 603,37 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 130 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza del Comune 1, phone ++39 0585 - 82711, fax ++39 0585 - 348197: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.montignoso.ms.it.

Population: The municipality of Montignoso had a popolation of 9.158 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 10.028 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 9,50% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 3.900 families with an average of 2,57 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 95 and 1.087 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 992 metres.

Work and workers:There are 145 industrial firms employing 710 people that are the 35,41% of the total of the workers. There are 220 service firms employing 381 people that are the 19,00% of the total of the workers. There are also 230 firms employing 676 people that are the 33,72% of the total of the workers. There are also 34 administrative offices emplying 238 workers that are the 11,87% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 2.005 workers, that are the 19,99% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Montignoso rises along the slopes of the Apuane Alps, close to the Versilia coast.

The local economy is mainly based on the mining and processing of marble and on the cultivation of cereals, vegetables and olives. Remarkable is also the bathing tourism thanks to the beauty of the sea and the coast.

The place name comes from the compound of "Monte" (mount) and "Tignoso", with the meaning of "rough land".

It is supposed that the first inhabitants of Montignoso were the inhabitants of the close town of Luni.

The first historical data quoted in official documents go back to the High Medieval Age. A certified act dating back to 753 testifies the donation of a castle placed in Montignoso to the Abbot Alselmo of Modena by his brother, the Longbard King Astolfo.

During the Middle Ages the community of Montignoso formed around that castle and built the first houses.

The castle of Montignoso was later quarreled for a long by the powerful cities of Pisa and Lucca, the Bishops of Luni and some other local noble families.

In 1202 the Aghinolfi's family obtained the possession of the castle of Montignoso, that they restored and fortified for its strategic position, being placed on a hill along the slopes of the Apuane Alps. Today the castle of Montignoso is considered as the most important military building of the whole Italian peninsula.

The history of the village of Montignoso was joined to the Aghinolfi's one up to the XVIII-th century, when the Giorgini's family from Lucca came to the power.

The Giorgini built in Montignoso a wonderful villa that in the XIX-th century was attended by famous intellectuals and politicians.

The Giorgini's family kept the control of Montignoso up to 1861, when the town was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Montignoso we point out here the Pieve dei Santi Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia (Saints Vito, Modesto and Crescenzia Parish), the Chiesa di Sant'Eustachio (Saint Eustachio Church), the Villa Schiff-Giorgini (Schiff-Giorgini Villa) and the remains of the Aghinolfi Castle.

Among the famous people who were born in Montignoso we remind here the mathematician Gaetano Giorgini (1795-1874).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Montignoso we point out here the traditional "Canto della Pefana" yearly held on January from 1st to 6th. During the folkloristic celebration some popular songs and dancing take place as propitiatory symbols for the new products that will come from earth.