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Pontremoli

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The town of Pontremoli

Pontremoli (ZIP code 54027) is 55,1 kilometers far from Massa-Carrara, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Pontremoli has a population of 8.255 inhabitants (Pontremolesi) and a surface of 182,63 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 45,20 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 236 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Della Repubblica, phone ++39 0187 - 460111, fax ++39 0187 - 833289: the E-Mail address is segre.pon@lunigiana.ms.it.

Population: The municipality of Pontremoli had a popolation of 8.639 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 8.255 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -4,44% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 3.666 families with an average of 2,25 people per family.

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The Church of San Francesco

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 178 and 1.831 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.653 metres.

Work and workers:There are 170 industrial firms employing 592 people that are the 23,52% of the total of the workers. There are 254 service firms employing 559 people that are the 22,21% of the total of the workers. There are also 257 firms employing 800 people that are the 31,78% of the total of the workers. There are also 61 administrative offices emplying 566 workers that are the 22,49% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 2.517 workers, that are the 30,49% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Pontremoli extends along the valley of the Magra river.

The local economy is mainly based on the activities of the numerous engineering and food producing industries.

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The Mother church

The etymology of the place name is uncertain but it is supposed that it refers to the ancient presence of an uncomfortable bridge on the Magra river. "Tremoli" resembles the Italian word "tremare" meaning "to tremble".

The consolidation of the village of Pontremoli occurred on the X-th century, when the locality was considered a resort for who passed through the so called "Via Francigena". The fortification of the village started at that time.

Between the XI-th and XIV-th centuries Pontremoli had to defend itself against the expansionist aims of the cities of Parma and Piacenza, thus parting with one of them or the other one or even with the close town of Luni.

Since the XIV-th century numerous lordships, like the Scaligeri's, the Visconti's and the Sforza's ones, alternated to the power of Pontremoli up to 1341, when the Dukedom of Milan got the control of the village and kept it for the three following centuries.

In 1650 Pontremoli entered the domains of the Tuscan Grand Dukedom. From then started a phase of economic prosperity, promoted for being placed at the intersection of important roads and also thanks to the new political stability.

At the beginning of the XVIII-th century Pontremoli passed to the Lorena's Dukes, who, in 1778, elevated the village to the rank of city and in 1787 it also became a bishopric.

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Pontremoli

In 1848 Pontremoli entered the orbit of the Dukedom of Parma and was there up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Pontremoli we point out here the Cattedrale (Cathedral), the Chiesa di Nostra Donna (Our Lady Church), the Chiesa di San Francesco (Saint Francis Church), the Chiesa della Santissima Annunziata (Holiest Our Lady Church), the Torre del Campanone (Tower of the Big Bell), the Castello del Piagnaro (Castle of the Piagnaro) that today hosts the Museum of the "Statues-Stele of the Lunigiana".

Among the famous people who were born in Pontremoli we remind here the famous diplomat Nicodemo Trincadini (1411-1481).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Pontremoli we point out here the "Mushroom and Chestnut Festival" yearly held on October by exposing and tasting typical products of Pontremoli.