, Calci - The town of Calci
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Calci

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Calci (ZIP code 56011) is 10,1 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Calci has a population of 5.840 inhabitants (Calcesani) and a surface of 25,16 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 232,11 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 50 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Garibaldi 1, phone ++39 050 - 939523-6-8, fax ++39 050 - 938202: the E-Mail address is lazzerinis@comune.calci.pi.it.

Population: The municipality of Calci had a popolation of 5.504 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 5.840 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 6,10% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 2.283 families with an average of 2,56 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 6 and 917 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 911 metres.

Work and workers:There are 80 industrial firms employing 284 people that are the 36,09% of the total of the workers. There are 109 service firms employing 192 people that are the 24,40% of the total of the workers. There are also 114 firms employing 198 people that are the 25,16% of the total of the workers. There are also 38 administrative offices emplying 113 workers that are the 14,36% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 787 workers, that are the 13,48% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Calci rises along the course of the Zambra torrent, between the cities of Pisa and Lucca.

The local economy is mainly based on the agriculture, sheep-farming and on the activity of numerous industries working in the textile and tanner fields and for the production of building materials.

The place name probably comes from the word "calce" (lime), with reference to some lime furnaces, anciently active.

The first residential settlements in the area of Calci go back to the Roman Age: at that time the locality was known with the name of "Locus Calcis", with reference to the plenty of local lime caves.

During the Middle Ages rose the first religious buildings under the jurisdiction of the Bishopric of Pisa, whose around the community gathered and started to build its houses.

During the same period the community started to develop the local economy, thanks to the close torrent, along which flourishing trading activities took place.

Later along the torrent also rose the first mills and artisan workshops for the manufacturing of wool and leather.

Between the XII-th and XIV-th century the village of Calci hosted some saints like Saint Alexander, Saint Jacopo and Saint Verano, who stayed there for a long in solitude and prayer.

After the collapse of the Republic of Pisa, occurred on the XVI-th century, the village of Calci became property of the Republic of Florence, being this latter under the Medici's government.

Although the village was annexed to the Florentine domains, it continued showing its faithful to the Pisan power and because of this it was punished by being united to the territory of Vicopisano, thus losing its autonomy.

At the beginning of the XVIII-th century the village passed by heritance to the Lorena's Dukes, who saved the previous territorial organization so that Calci conquered again its autonomy just after the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Calci we point out here the Certosa (Certosa Convent) and the Pieve Romanica (Romanic Parish).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Calci we remind here the traditional "Chestnuts Festival" held yearly on October, during which it is possible both to taste some good typical foods and wines and to admire the fine local artistic artisan objects.