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Casale Marittimo

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Casale Marittimo

Casale Marittimo (ZIP code 56040) is 69,3 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Casale Marittimo has a population of 1.006 inhabitants (Casalesi) and a surface of 14,31 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 70,30 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 214 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via del Castello 133, phone ++39 0586 - 653411, fax ++39 0586 - 653444: the E-Mail address is mail@comune.casale-marittimo.pi.it.

Population: The municipality of Casale Marittimo had a popolation of 923 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.006 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 8,99% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 423 families with an average of 2,38 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 40 and 312 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 272 metres.

Work and workers:There are 26 industrial firms employing 74 people that are the 31,36% of the total of the workers. There are 26 service firms employing 74 people that are the 31,36% of the total of the workers. There are also 21 firms employing 60 people that are the 25,42% of the total of the workers. There are also 12 administrative offices emplying 28 workers that are the 11,86% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 236 workers, that are the 23,46% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Casale Marittimo rises in the Maremma area on a hill dominating the plane extending near the mouth of the Cecina river.

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The Theatre of Casale Marittimo

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals and olives. There are numerous food making industries and factories for artisan manufactures.

The place name comes from the compound of "Casale", coming this latter from the Latin "casalis" (group of rural houses), and on "marittimo", meaning this latter "of the Maremma area".

Since the Etruscan Age the locality has been populated, as testified by the archaeological find of a necropolis dating back to that time. The Romans succeeded to the Etruscans, as the numerous remains of two villas dating back to the Roman Age testify.

The foudation of the village of Casale Marittimo and its successive development occurred during the Middle Ages, under the jurisdiction of the Gherardesca's Counts.

The building of the Saint John Baptist parish goes back to this time. From this parish depended other parishes place in the area of Casale Marittimo and around it the community of Casale Marittimo gathered.

Along the XIV-th century the religious building was damaged by the struggles between the two republics of Pisa and Florence. In the next century Florence defeated the army of Pisa and conquered the whole domains of Pisa, among them also Casale Marittimo.

From then Casale Marittimo entered the orbit of the Medici's Grand Dukedom, whose domination coincided an economic decline period caused by both the frequent hostile incursions and the spreading of the marshy lands, causing this latter the population decrease.

From the XVII-th century the Medici's Grand Dukes started a great work to reclaim the territory and to fortified the whole village that, from then, enjoyed both a political stability and an increasing economic development.

At the end of the same century Casale Marittimo was gave as a feud to the Ridolfi's family, who held the control until 1738, when the village was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Ginori Counts, thus entering the domains of the Marquisate of Riparbella.

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Cappella della Madonna delle Grazie

During the middle of the XVIII-th century the coming of the Lorena's Dukes to the power marked the beginning of an improvement in the local economy that, thanks to the continuation of the reclamation started by the Medici's Grand Dukes, improved the rural activities for the production of basic goods.

The Lorena's Dukes operated a great work for the restoration of the urban buildings and the water distribution system.

In 1861 Casale Marittimo was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Casale Marittimo we point out here the Pieve di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Parish), the Chiesa di Sant'Andrea (Saint Andrew Church), the Chiesa di San Sebastiano (Saint Sebastian Church), the Cappella della Madonna delle Grazie (Our Lady of the Graces Chapel) and the Necropoli Etrusca (Etruscan Necropolis).

Among the numerous celebrations taking place in v we remind here the traditional "Snails Festival" held yearly on the Sunday before the last one and during which it is possible to taste typical courses, like the different snail-made suppers made by bread, tomatoes, oil and snails.