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Castellina Marittima

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Castellina Marittima (ZIP code 56040) is 64,8 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Castellina Marittima has a population of 1.816 inhabitants (Castellinesi) and a surface of 45,74 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 39,70 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 375 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Mazzini 4, phone ++39 050 - 694111, fax ++39 050 - 694112: the E-Mail address is f.lucchesi@comune.castellina.pi.it.

Population: The municipality of Castellina Marittima had a popolation of 1.816 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.816 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 0% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 765 families with an average of 2,37 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 18 and 662 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 644 metres.

Work and workers:There are 47 industrial firms employing 207 people that are the 40,91% of the total of the workers. There are 44 service firms employing 89 people that are the 17,59% of the total of the workers. There are also 41 firms employing 143 people that are the 28,26% of the total of the workers. There are also 19 administrative offices emplying 67 workers that are the 13,24% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 506 workers, that are the 27,86% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Castellina Marittima rises along the high valley of the Fine river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, fodders and on the mining and processing of the alabaster mineral.

The place name comes from the compound of "castellina", being this latter a diminutive of the word "castello" (castle), and of "Marittima", with reference to the Maremma area.

According to some archaeological finds came to light in Castellina Marittima it is possible to suppose that the territory was already populated during the Etruscan Age, when the mining and processing activities were also active.

The historical data about the village started on the X-th century, when the local family of the Gherardesca's Counts made a castle built, whose around the community started to gather and build its houses.

During the XIII-th century the village of Castellina Marittima was bought by the Republic of Pisa and elevated to the rank of autonomous common.

Due to its high position the locality became a strategic place from where it was possible to control the so called "Via Emilia", long which important trades took place.

In the middle of the XIV-th century the Count Ugo Giovanni of the Gherardesca's family decided to conquer again the ancient property so to organize a rebellion involving the whole Maremma area against the Republic of Pisa. At the beginning of the next century Pisa ended the insurrection.

In 1406 the city of Florence, starting this latter its territorial expansion, invaded the Maremma area and, after defeating the Pisan army, conquered all the domains of the Republic of Pisa.

Once entered the Florentine orbit, Castellina Marittima got its communal autonomy under the jurisdiction of the Medici's Grand Dukes.

During the XVII-th century an epidemic of plague spread in the whole territory, causing the depopulation of the area and the collapse of the local economy.

Only at the beginning of the XIX-th century, by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power, the village of Castellina Marittima raised up its economic chances thanks to the Lorena's reforms aiming to reclaim the whole territory so to repopulate it and to restart the rural activities.

After the invasion of the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte occurred on the beginning of the XIX-th century, in 1861 Castellina Marittima was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Castellina Marittima we point out here the Castello Mediceo (Medici's Castle) and the Ecomuseo dell'Alabastro (Alabaster's Ecological Museum).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Castellina Marittima we remind here the traditional festival of the "Poor Cooking" held yearly on August by rediscovering ancient cooking recipes. During the celebration some exhibits and shows take place too.