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Pisa

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Pisa (ZIP code 56100) is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Pisa has a population of 85.379 inhabitants (Pisani) and a surface of 185,28 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 460,81 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 4 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via degli Uffizi 1, phone ++39 050 - 910111, fax ++39 050 - 500242: the E-Mail address is seg-sind@comune.pisa.it.

Population: The municipality of Pisa had a popolation of 98.928 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 85.379 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -13,70% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 36.385 families with an average of 2,35 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between -1 and 16 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 17 metres.

Work and workers:There are 1.252 industrial firms employing 7.662 people that are the 18,21% of the total of the workers. There are 2.473 service firms employing 4.865 people that are the 11,56% of the total of the workers. There are also 3.732 firms employing 12.539 people that are the 29,80% of the total of the workers. There are also 907 administrative offices emplying 17.014 workers that are the 40,43% of the total of the workers.

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There is a total of 42.080 workers, that are the 49,29% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Pisa rises on the banks of Arno river, in the plain between the Pisano Mountain and the sea.

Pisa is a very famous resort and a productive industrial centre in engineering, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, wood and ceramics fields. Citizens attend to the agriculture of vines, olives, vegetables and fruits, and to cattle breeding.

Of Ligurian and Etruscan origin, Pisa became a Roman town and an important stronghold thanks to its harbour.

The name of the city comes from the Latin word "Pisae" that literally means "estuary".

The archealogical data testify a strong Etruscan mark in the first half of Iron Age as well as in the archaic and classic Age, when Pisa gained an important role as bridge between the Tirrenic course and the Etruscan hinterland.

The Middle Ages are the period of great economic, politic and artistic production as a coastal town. During the Middle Ages Pisa had to subdue a structural change in its urban structure because of the debris of Arno that deposited to the lagoons causing the spacing of the town from the sea.

Nevertheless the rebirth of Pisa is refferred to the activities and trades developing along the Arno River that goes through the town. In this way, on the Northen-Easten bank of the river developed the Forispartam unit, whereas on the left bank the Chinzica unit. The successive mergy of those two units gave rise to the city today named Pisa.

The prosperous sailing activity continued during Longobardic and Carolingian period and Pisa extended his influence towards Sardinia and Sicily expanding its activity also in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea taking part to the First Crusade (1095).

The defeat that Genova inflicted to Pisa around 1284 in the sea-battle of the Meloria, marked the slow economic decline of Pisa that lost its control on Corsica and Sardinia.

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In 1399 Pisa was given to Visconti family and then, in 1406, it was under the domination of Florence.

The raise of Medici family raises again Pisa chances. Therefore the Medici family period marked the rebirth of a spread urban prosperity, to the ancien sailing and merchant activity's detriment.

After the death of the last descendant of Medici family, around 1700, Pisa passed to Lorena family.

The Lorena family policy relied on settling the road network by building a railway that supported the river line.

In 1861 Pisa was added to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments in Pisa we point out here the Chiesa di San Francesco (Saint Francesco Church), the Chiesa di San Nicola (Saint Nicola Church), the Duomo (Cathedral), the Campanile (Belfry) and the Battistero (Baptistery).

Among famous people who were born in Pisa, we remind here the great scientist Galileo Galilei (1564-1642).

Among the several events periodically taking place in Pisa, we point out here the Regatta of the Ancien Coastal Republics that occurres on July involving also the cities of Amalfi, Genova, Pisa and Venezia. Since 1956, the challenge is proposed, taking turns, in the waters of the Four Coastal Republics.