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Vecchiano

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Vecchiano

Vecchiano (ZIP code 56019) is 13,9 kilometers far from Pisa, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Vecchiano has a population of 11.413 inhabitants (Vecchianesi) and a surface of 67,37 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 169,41 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 5 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via G. B. Barsuglia 182, phone ++39 050 - 859611, fax ++39 050 - 868778: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.vecchiano.pisa.it.

Population: The municipality of Vecchiano had a popolation of 10.410 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 11.413 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 9,63% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 4.162 families with an average of 2,74 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between -1 and 204 metres above sea level.

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The church of S. Maria in Castello

The altimetric spawn is thus of 205 metres.

Work and workers:There are 202 industrial firms employing 778 people that are the 31,98% of the total of the workers. There are 253 service firms employing 507 people that are the 20,84% of the total of the workers. There are also 197 firms employing 660 people that are the 27,13% of the total of the workers. There are also 54 administrative offices emplying 488 workers that are the 20,06% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 2.433 workers, that are the 21,32% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Vecchiano rises along the right bank of the Serchio river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vegetables and fruit and on the activity of numerous mechanical and food making industries. Remarkable is also the sea bathing tourism, thanks to the presence of the close fine bathing resort of Marina di Vecchiano.

The place name comes from the Latin name of person "Vetuleius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added.

The first settlements in the territory of Vecchiano go back to the Etruscan Age as testified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light.

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The sea of Vecchiano

The consolidation of the village of Vecchiano occurred in the Early Middle Ages, when the first parishes were built and whose around the community of Vecchiano gathered.

Since the X-th century Vecchiano was subdued to the influence of the city of Lucca that already controlled the close territories.

Owing to its strategic position at the boundary between the domains of Lucca and those ones of Pisa, the village subdued the siege by the Pisan troops who conquered the territory and built a castle.

Between the XIII-th and XIV-th century the territory of Vecchiano subdued the consequences of the struggles fought between Pisa and Lucca, wanting this latter to take again the control of its ancient possession.

At that time Vecchiano also subdued numerous sacks and devastations caused by the troops coming from the Milan Dukedom.

After the long period of the Pisan domination, in 1406 the village of Vecchiano entered the domains of the Republic of Florence under the Medici's noble family.

The Medici started the first works for the reclamation of the territory, thus promoting the increasing of the agricultural activities. The reclamation was continued and ended in the second half of the XVIII-th century by the Lorena's Dukes.

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The tower of Vecchiano

The Lorena's Dukes held the control of Vecchiano also after the French domination, occurred on the beginning of the XIX-th century, until 1861 when the town was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monments to see in Vecchiano we point out here the Chiesa di Santa Maria in Castello (Saint Mary in Castle Church), the Fortezza Etrusca (Etruscan Fortress) and the Castello di Avane (Avane Castle).

Among the numerous celebrations taking place in Vecchiano we remind here the "Spring Fair" held yearly on the first Monday of April and on the previous week-end. During the Spring Fair that takes place along the Serchio river, it is possible both to admire ancient uses, customs and jobs dramatized by population and to taste typical sweets and cakes like the famous "torte coi bischeri", sort of cakes made by rice, raisin, pine nuts and chocolate.