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Casole d`Elsa

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Il borgo di Casole d`Elsa

Casole d`Elsa (ZIP code 53031) is 36,1 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Casole d`Elsa has a population of 2.924 inhabitants (Casolesi) and a surface of 148,43 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 19,70 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 417 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Luchetti 1, phone ++39 0577 - 949711, fax ++39 0577 - 949740: the E-Mail address is comune@casole.it.

Population: The municipality of Casole d`Elsa had a popolation of 2.568 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.924 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 13,86% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.119 families with an average of 2,61 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 137 and 663 metres above sea level.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Veduta di Casole d`Elsa

The altimetric spawn is thus of 526 metres.

Work and workers:There are 95 industrial firms employing 847 people that are the 70,23% of the total of the workers. There are 53 service firms employing 76 people that are the 6,30% of the total of the workers. There are also 64 firms employing 162 people that are the 13,43% of the total of the workers. There are also 32 administrative offices emplying 121 workers that are the 10,03% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.206 workers, that are the 41,24% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Casole d'Elsa rises along the left side of the valley of the Elsa river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals and grape and on the breeding of the swines. There are also numerous marble caves active for the mining.

The place name comes from the Latin "Casula" with the meaning of "house or hut", to which, in 1862, the specification "Elsa" was added, with reference to the close Elsa river.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Paesaggio di Casole d`Elsa

The locality was quoted for the first time in an official act dating back to 896 by which the Marquis of Tusany Adalberto gave the village as a feud to the Bishops of Volterra.

In 1201 Casole d'Elsa constituted autonomously its free common but in 1240, after a long siege, it was conquered by the city of Siena that fortified it.

In 1259 the Florentine troops besieged the territory but after their defeat subdued on the next year in the Montaperti Battle, Casole d'Elsa was definitely annexed to the domains of Siena.

During the next centuries the community of Casole d'Elsa made numerous rebellions against the Siena but they failed nevertheless.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero la Rocca Senese

At the same time Casole d'Elsa was theatre of the struggles between the two republics of Florence and Siena for the quarrel of the village that ended, in 1554, with the victory of the Florentine troops and the successive annexing to the village to the domains of Florence, being this latter under the Medici's Grand Dukedom.

Once entered the Florentine orbit, Casole d'Elsa developed its economy, mainly based on rural activities.

The domination of the Medici's Grand Dukes lasted up to the XVIII-th century, when the Lorena's Dukes came to the power.

The Lorena's policy gave a great impulse to the economic increasing of the village.

During the Lorena's domination the village of Casole d'Elsa increased its economy thanks to the Dukes' policy, whose domination was interrupted by the French invasion of the territory occurred on the first decade of the XIX-th century.

In 1861 Casole d'Elsa was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Casole d'Elsa we point out here the Collegiata (Collegiate Church), the Canonica (Canon), the Chiesa di Santo Spirito (Holy Spirit Church), the Chiesa di San Pietro (Saint Peter Church), the Chiesa di San Niccolò (Saint Nicholas Church) and the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace).

Among famous people who were born in Casole d'Elsa we remind here the famous musician Francesco Bianciardi (1572-1607).

Among numerous celebratios taking place in Casole d'Elsa we point out here the traditional "Horse Race of Casole d'Elsa" held yearly on the second Sunday of July in honour of the Patron Saint Isidoro and consisting of a horse race to which the six quarters of the town take part.