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Radicofani

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Radicofani

Radicofani (ZIP code 53040) is 73,8 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Radicofani has a population of 1.220 inhabitants (Radicofanesi) and a surface of 118,45 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 10,30 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 780 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via R. Magi 37, phone ++39 0578 - 55905, fax ++39 0578 - 55930: the E-Mail address is comunediradicofani@inwind.it.

Population: The municipality of Radicofani had a popolation of 1.300 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.220 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -6,15% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 480 families with an average of 2,54 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 300 and 896 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 596 metres.

Work and workers:There are 33 industrial firms employing 305 people that are the 60,16% of the total of the workers. There are 39 service firms employing 63 people that are the 12,43% of the total of the workers. There are also 39 firms employing 91 people that are the 17,95% of the total of the workers. There are also 23 administrative offices emplying 48 workers that are the 9,47% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 507 workers, that are the 41,56% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Radicofani rises along the left bank of the Paglia river.

The local economy is mainly based on agriculture and especially on vine production. Very remarkable are the industrial activities for the production of dairy products, furniture and frames.

The place name probably comes from the compound of the two German proper names of person "Radi" and "Cofili".

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Il Castello di Radicofani

The foundation of the original settlement of Radicofani, once named "Callemala", occurred during the Middle Ages, when around a prevoiusly built castle the first houses were built.

At that time the village started to be fortified for its strategic position at the boundary between Tuscany and Latium, thus becoming one of the most important stronghold of the place.

Along the XI-th century the village of Radicofani was quarrelled for a long between the monks of the Saint Salvatore Abbey, who already owned other lands in the surroundings, and the powerful city of Siena.

By fearing that Siena might impose its control on the village, the abbots asked for the Papacy's support to which they gave a part of the territory of Radicofani. From the XII-th century Radicofani was subdued to the papal jurisdiction, first under Pope Adriano IV and then under Pope Innocenzo III.

During the XIII-th century Radicofani became a free common enjoying its autonomy, despite the numerous conflicts that devastated its territory. At this time Ghino Tacco, who was a noble Ghibelline (Empire's supporter) besieged and conquered the castle of Radicofani, becoming this latter the base for his robbey actions.

The legendary lordship of Ghino Tacca is quoted by two famous poets, Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) in his "Divine Commedy" and Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) in his "Decameron".

After a long time during which the abbots, some local noblemen and the Republic of Siena took in turn the control of Radicofani, in 1405 the village subdued itself to Siena.

The Republic of Siena started an important work for the fortification of the village of Radicofani in order to face the struggle against the city of Florence.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Particolare veduta di Radicofani

During the struggle of Siena occurred on the middle of the XVI-th century, Radicofani subdued a siege by the army of Cosimo I of Medici, who, after defeating the Republic of Siena, conquered the village of Radicofani.

The Medici's domination lasted up to the beginning of the XVIII-th century when, dieing the laste Medici's descendant, the Lorena's Dukes came to the power and held the control of the village up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Radicofani we point out here the Chiesa di Sant'Agata (Saint Agata Church), the Chiesa di San Pietro (Saint Peter Church), the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace), the Castello (Castle) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Radicofani we remind here the "One thousand Miles Race" held yearly on May. The celebration consists of a parade of ancient cars that, leaving the town of Ponte Rigo goes through Radicofani to reach other towns. The event is world wide known and attracts numerous fans coming from different foreign countries.