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Torrita di Siena
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Torrita di Siena (ZIP code 53049) is 55 kilometers far from Siena, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Torrita di Siena has a population of 7.090 inhabitants (Torritesi) and a surface of 58,35 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 121,51 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 325 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Piazza Matteotti 1, phone ++39 0577 - 6881, fax ++39 0577 - 685620: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Torrita di Siena had a popolation of 7.071 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 7.090 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 0,27% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 2.767 families with an average of 2,56 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 245 and 580 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 335 metres.
Work and workers:There are 220 industrial firms employing 1.348 people that are the 58,69% of the total of the workers. There are 158 service firms employing 328 people that are the 14,28% of the total of the workers. There are also 173 firms employing 475 people that are the 20,68% of the total of the workers. There are also 25 administrative offices emplying 146 workers that are the 6,36% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 2.297 workers, that are the 32,40% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
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Torrita di Siena rises in a high position along the western area of the Valdichiana.
The local economy is mainly based on the agriculture and especially on the vine production and on the bovine breeding. There are also numerous industries for the production of furniture and for the processing of wood and plastic materials.
The place name comes from the compound name of "Torre" (tower), with reference to numerous towers erected in the territory, and of the specification "Siena", took in 1928.
Despite numerous archaeological finds came to light in the territory would testisfy that the town was already populated during the Etruscan and Roman Ages. The first historical data about the existence of Torrita di Siena go back to 1037.
The development and the consolidation of the village occurred during the Middle Ages around a local castle, when the whole territory was under the jurisdiction of the powerful city of Siena.
During the Siena's domination the village was fortified by building an imposing ring of walls according to an elliptical plant, equipped by sighting towers and three gates, so that the village became an important defensive bulwark of the southern boudaries of the Republic of Siena.
Between the XIII-th and XIV-th centuries Torrita di Siena sided with Siena in order to contrast the territorial aggrandizement of the Republic of Florence, but subduing numerous hostile incursions in its own territory.
During the first years of the XVI-th century the Republic of Siena took up the modernization of the ancient Medieval fortifications that was worthless nevertheless, because in 1557 Torrita di Siena entered the Tuscan Grand Dukedom after a previous defeat inflicted by the Florentine troops, who, for the occasion, were alliated with the Imperial army.
By coming the Medici's Grand Dukes to the power, the local economy raised its chances and, thanks to the Grand Ducal reclamation of the territory, the inhabitants of Torrita di Siena took up the rural cultivation.
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In the XVIII-th century the economy of the village had a new additional impulse by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power, who concentrated their policy to develop Torrita di Siena as an agricultural centre. The Lorena's Dukes continued the reclamation of the territory started by their predecessors, recovering many lands that till that moment were left uncultivated.
The period of the Lorena's domination lasted up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia, with the only interruption of the French domination occurred at the beginning of the XIX-th century.
Among the most important monuments to see in Torrita di Siena we point out here the Collegiata (Collegiate Church), the Chiesa di Santa Croce (Saint Cross Church), the Chiesa di Santa Flora e Santa Lucilla (Saints Flora and Lucilla Church) and the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace).
Among famous people who were born in Torrita di Siena we remind here the famous brigand Ghino di Tacco (XII-th century), who was quoted by Giovanni Boccaccio in his "Decameron" and also by Dante Alighieri in his "Divine Commedy".
Among the numerous celebrations taking place in Torrita di Siena we point out the "Donkey Race" held yearly on March on Saint Joseph's day and consisting of a historical parade in Medieval costumes with a musical band that involves the quarters taking part to the race. After the donkey race all participants can enjoy a good wine accompanied with fritters and toasts.