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Capolona

© Reti e Sistemi Toscana.indettaglio.it

Capolona (ZIP code 52010) is 13,9 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Capolona has a population of 4.802 inhabitants (Capolonesi) and a surface of 47,36 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 101,39 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 263 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza della Vittoria 1, phone ++39 0575 - 421317, fax ++39 0575 - 420456: the E-Mail address is info@comune.capolona.ar.it.

Population: The municipality of Capolona had a popolation of 4.344 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 4.802 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 10,54% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.752 families with an average of 2,74 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 207 and 720 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 513 metres.

Work and workers:There are 185 industrial firms employing 1.093 people that are the 57,77% of the total of the workers. There are 104 service firms employing 178 people that are the 9,41% of the total of the workers. There are also 106 firms employing 349 people that are the 18,45% of the total of the workers. There are also 16 administrative offices emplying 272 workers that are the 14,38% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.892 workers, that are the 39,40% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Capolona rises along the valley extending along the right bank of the Arno river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of wheat, sugar beets, olives, grapes and on the activity of numerous shoe making, mechanical, rubber manufacturing industries.

The place name probably comes from the compound of "Campo Leone" (Lion Field) or "Caput Leone", having this latter the meaning of "Lion's Head".

Capolona is quoted for the first time in an official documents, dating back to the 943 A. C., that testifies the donation of the territory to a lord from Arezzo.

At that time Ugo of Toscana founded in Capolona the Saint Gennaro Abbey, whose around the local community gathered starting to build its own houses.

Later the village was quarrelled among the powerful close cities that wanted to conquer it so to profit of its strategic position, placed at the boudary among different valleys.

During the next centuries the village of Capolona subdued numerous sieges, first by the army of Arezzo, who conquered it holding the control for a century, and then by the troops of Guido Tarlati, Bishop of Arezzo.

At that same time the Republic of Florence started its policy of territorial expansion that leaded to conquer the domains of the city of Arezzo, among them there was also Capolona, thus this latter was annexed to the domains of the Republic of Florence.

During the Florentine domination the village subdued new sieges like that one operated by the Imperial troops of Carlo V, who devastated Capolona, by being this latter one of the most flourishing and strategic properties of Florence.

Since the XV-th century the village of Capolona was subdued first to the jurisdiction of the Medici's Grand Dukes and then to the Lorena's Dukes one. This latter came to the power at the beginning of the XVIII-th century.

The Lorena's domination coincided with a period of political stability and economic growing, lasting almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Capolona we point out here the Abbazia di Campoleone (Campoleone Abbey), the Chiesa di Santa Lucia (Saint Lucy Church), the Chiesa di Santa Maria (Saint Mary Church), the "Museo dell'Acqua" (Water Museum) and the Ponte sull'Arno (Bridge on the Arno river).

Among the numerous celebrations taking place in Capolona we remind the "Frogs Festival" and the "Sea Fish Festival" held yearly on July and during which it is possible to taste several fine local typical courses.