Back to the province of Arezzo

Castelfranco di Sopra

Photo © Municipality of Castelfranco di Sopra Veduta di Castelfranco di Sopra

Castelfranco di Sopra (ZIP code 52020) is 43,5 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Castelfranco di Sopra has a population of 2.731 inhabitants (Castelfranchesi) and a surface of 37,62 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 72,59 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 281 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Vittorio Emanuele 30, phone ++39 055 - 9149571, fax ++39 055 - 9149096: the E-Mail address is castelfr@val.it.

Population: The municipality of Castelfranco di Sopra had a popolation of 2.657 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.731 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 2,79% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.010 families with an average of 2,70 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 128 and 1.537 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.409 metres.

Work and workers:There are 102 industrial firms employing 582 people that are the 61,52% of the total of the workers. There are 58 service firms employing 111 people that are the 11,73% of the total of the workers. There are also 67 firms employing 192 people that are the 20,30% of the total of the workers. There are also 25 administrative offices emplying 61 workers that are the 6,45% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 946 workers, that are the 34,64% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Photo © Municipality of Castelfranco di Sopra The Church of San Filippo Neri

Castelfranco di Sopra rises along the solpes of the Pratomagno mount facing the Valdarno.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of grain, fodders, beans and beetroots and on the breeing of fishes, bovines and swines. Very remarkable is also the industrial activity for the production of shoes and the manufacture of the glass.

The place name comes from the compound of "Castel" (castle) and "franco" (free), meaning this latter "free by the feudal domain", and "di Sopra" (higher), with reference to the position of the locality.

The foundation of the village of Castelfranco di Sopra occurred during the Middle Ages on the remains of the so called "Castle of Soffena", whose name came from that one of a close abbey.

After the destruction of the castle, the abbey, entitled to Saint Salvatore, was quarrelled bewteen the monks who lived there and the Lord of Faella, Renuccio Ranieri, who was supported by the emperor Federico I.

During the XIII-th century the Republic of Florence imposed its supremacy on the territory of Castelfranco di Sopra, starting this latter to consolidate in its actual form.

Owing to a series of decrees abolishing the taxation on the rural lands, the Florentines promoted the population of the village being free by taxs for who wanted to buy some portion of land: the purpose was the contrast of the enrichment of the local feudal aristocracy.

During the XIII-th century Castelfranco di Sopra was fortified in order to contrast the attemps to conquer the village by the families of Umbertini, Guidi and Pazzi that wanted to obtain again their ancient possessions.

At the end of the same century the village was the master of the "Legacy of Castelfranco" becoming a flourishing market thanks to its strategic position close to the road joining the Pratomagno and the Valdarno areas.

Photo © Municipality of Castelfranco di Sopra Tower of Castelfranco di Sopra

During the XIV-th century Castelfranco di Sopra was elevated to the rank of Podestà'a seat, thus extending its jurisdiction to the close territories and getting a great importance in the area.

From the XV-th century Castelfranco di Sopra was governed first by the Medici's Grand Dukes and then by the Lorena's Dukes who, in 1776, abolished the Saint Salvatore Abbey reducing it to farm uses.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost interrupted up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Castelfranco di Sopra we point out here the Parrocchiale di San Tommaso (Saint Thomas Parish), the Oratorio di San Filippo Neri (Saint Filippo Neri Oratory), the Badia di San Salvatore (Saint Salvatore Abbey) and the Torre (Tower).

Among the numerous celebrations taking place in Castelfranco di Sopra we remind here the traditional "Chestnut and Brulè Wine Festival" held yearly on November 10th and consisting of a food celebration during which it is possible to taste some typical courses accompained by the good local wine.