Back to the province of Arezzo

Cortona

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Veduta di Cortona

Cortona (ZIP code 52044) is 29,2 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Cortona has a population of 22.046 inhabitants (Cortonesi) and a surface of 342,33 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 64,40 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 494 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Signorelli 13, phone ++39 0575 - 637225, fax ++39 0575 - 604744: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.cortona.ar.it.

Population: The municipality of Cortona had a popolation of 22.598 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 22.046 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -2,44% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 8.258 families with an average of 2,67 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 243 and 1.057 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 814 metres.

Work and workers:There are 581 industrial firms employing 2.550 people that are the 35,21% of the total of the workers. There are 636 service firms employing 1.420 people that are the 19,61% of the total of the workers. There are also 632 firms employing 2.127 people that are the 29,37% of the total of the workers. There are also 109 administrative offices emplying 1.145 workers that are the 15,81% of the total of the workers.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Badia di Farneta

There is a total of 7.242 workers, that are the 32,85% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Cortona rises on the slope of a steep hill placed on the boundary of the valley of Chiana and dominating the Trasimeno lake.

The economy of the town is mainly based on the agricultural and industrial activities but it is also remarkable the artistic craftsmanship of wood and stone.

The first settlements in the area of Cortona go back to the Etruscan Age: the remains of the walls erected at that time are still visible. Later the town became an important Roman centre because of the passage of the ancient Roman "Via Cassia" along the bottom of the hill where Cortona developed.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire started a period of economic decline also caused by the spreading increase of the marshy phenomenon on the territory that lasted until XIII century.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Particolare dell`interno della Badia di Farneta In the second half of the thirteenth century started a series of conflicts between the population and the powerful city of Arezzo that wanted to conquer Cortona. Those conflicts leaded to the destruction of the town by Arezzo and the exile of the population.

Only in 1261 the population could come back to Cortona and started the restoring of the damaged buildings.

In 1325 Cortona was elevated to the rank of diocese and in the meanwhile it passed under the Casali's domination but keeping a short autonomy that lasted up to the end of fourteenth century.

In 1411 Cortona entered the Florentine orbit and it was under the Florentine domination up to the end of XVIII century.

Under the Florentine domination, owing to the coming to power of the Medici family, started a period of great building works that concerned the urban restoring and the building of the Fortress of the Girifalco, today still visible.

The Medici's Age was the most flourishing in the history of Cortona and it corresponded to a great economic, cultural and artistic growing, that last one was under the influence of great masters as Piero della Francesca (1420-1492).

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Piazza della Repubblica

In 1861 Cortona was added to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Cortona we point out here the Duomo (Cathedral), the Chiesa di Santa Maria Nuova (New Saint Mary Church), the Chiesa di San Francesco (Saint Francesco Church), the Chiesa di San Nicolò (Saint Nicolò Church), the Santuario di Santa Margherita (Saint Margherita Sanctuary), the Museo dell'Accademia Etrusca (Museum of the Etruscan Academy), the Museo Diocesano (Diocesan Museum), the Fortezza del Girifalco (Fortress of the Girifalco), the Palazzo Comunale (Municipal Palace) and the Palazzo Fierli-Petrella (Fierli-Petrella Palace).

Among famous people who were born in Cortona we remind here the Renascence painter Luca Signorelli (1445-1523).

Among the ceveral celebrations taking periodically place in Cortona we point out here the national Show-Market of the Antique Furniture.