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Laterina

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Laterina (ZIP code 52020) is 17,8 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Laterina has a population of 3.432 inhabitants (Laterinesi) and a surface of 23,97 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 143,18 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 240 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Trento 21, phone ++39 0575 - 88011, fax ++39 0575 - 894626: the E-Mail address is comune@comune.laterina.ar.it.

Population: The municipality of Laterina had a popolation of 3.310 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.432 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 3,69% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.212 families with an average of 2,83 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 156 and 316 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 160 metres.

Work and workers:There are 151 industrial firms employing 827 people that are the 68,92% of the total of the workers. There are 53 service firms employing 151 people that are the 12,58% of the total of the workers. There are also 56 firms employing 154 people that are the 12,83% of the total of the workers. There are also 23 administrative offices emplying 68 workers that are the 5,67% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.200 workers, that are the 34,97% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Laterina rises on a hill in the high Valdarno area.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, grapes, olives and on the activity of numerous industries working in the mechanical and chemical fields and also for the production of building materials.

The place name probably comes from the Latin word "laterina", with the meaning of "brickfield", with reference to some clay caves that once were in the locality. It could also come from the Latin proper name of person "Laterinus".

The first settlements in the territory of Laterina go back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages, as testified by some archaeological finds came to light and dating back to that time.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire and after the subsequent Barbaric invasions, the territory depopulated to repopulate just along the XI-th century.

At that time the community of Laterina started to gather around a castle that was previously built close to an important road crossing the Valdarno area. There the local community started to build its first houses.

At the end of the XIII-th century the village of Laterina was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Arezzo. Because of the conflicts between the Guelphs (Papacy's supporters) and the Ghibellines (Empire's supporters), the Bishop first fortified Laterina and then gave the control of the village to the Ubertini's family, in order to contrast the coming of the Florentine Guelphs.

At the end of the same century Laterina subdued a siege by the Florentine troops that conquered and gave it to the Republic of Florence.

At the beginning of the XIV-th century the Ubertini's family conquered again Laterina, holding the control of the village up to the end of the same century, when after a siege operated by the Bishop of Arezzo, Guido Tarlati, the Ubertini's called the Florentines to be helped.

The army of the Republic of Florence chased the troops of the Bishop of Arezzo away and in the meanwhile conquered the village that, since the end of the same century, entered the domains of the Florentine countryside.

Entered the Florentine orbit, the village of Laterina was governed first by the Medici's Grand Dukes and the by the Lorena's Dukes, who in 1774 elevated it to the rank of an autonomous common.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly until the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Laterina we point out here the Chiesa dei Santi Ippolito e Cassiano (Saint Ippolito and Cassiano Church), the Oratorio di San Rocco (Saint Rocco Oratory), the Villa Monsoglio (Monsoglio Villa) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Laterina we remind the traditional "Frog Race" held yearly on the last Sunday of June and during which a historical commemoration in Medieval costumes takes place. During the celebration the "Woodsman's Dinner" takes place offering the opportunity to taste the fine typical local courses cooked according to very ancient traditional recipes.