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Montemignaio

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Montemignaio (ZIP code 52010) is 88,9 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Montemignaio has a population of 589 inhabitants (Montemignaiesi) and a surface of 26,06 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 22,60 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 739 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Pieve 46, phone ++39 0575 - 542013, fax ++39 0575 - 542382: the E-Mail address is sindaco.montemignaio@casentino.toscana.it.

Population: The municipality of Montemignaio had a popolation of 532 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 589 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 10,71% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 294 families with an average of 2,00 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 560 and 1.451 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 891 metres.

Work and workers:There are 12 industrial firms employing 44 people that are the 33,85% of the total of the workers. There are 11 service firms employing 29 people that are the 22,31% of the total of the workers. There are also 12 firms employing 40 people that are the 30,77% of the total of the workers. There are also 8 administrative offices emplying 17 workers that are the 13,08% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 130 workers, that are the 22,07% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Montemignaio rises in the Casentino area.

The local economy is mainly based on sheep-farming, on agriculture and also on tourism, thanks both to the beauty of its monuments and landscapes and to the presence of numerous and qualified fine hotels.

The place name probably comes from the componud of "monte", with reference to its high position, and of the Latin word "minium", with the meaning of "red lead" (a chemical compound once used as a pigment in the miniature art), or from the Latin proper name of person "Miniarius".

The first settlements in the area of Montemignaio go back to the Roman Age, when the Romans built a road close to the village, joining the cities of Florence and Arezzo.

At that time the first real residential settlement started to form but after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the territory depopulated.

The first official document in which the locality is quoted goes back to the beginning of the XII-th century. It testifies the existence of the Saint Mary of the Assumption Church, being this latter under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Fiesole, and of the Castle built by the Guidi's Counts, whose around the first original settlement of Montemignaio.

The Guidi's Counts dominated the village of Montemignaio under the direct influence first of the emperor Enrico VI and then of that one of Federico II.

The period of the Guidi's lordship lasted up to the middle of the XIV-th century, when the population, suffering its power, organized a popular rebellion by allieing with the close community of Castel San Niccolò and putting both of them under the protection of the Republic of Florence.

In 1359 the Count Galeotto Guidi had to stipulate a renouncing act of all his domains that formed the Podestà's seat of the so called "Florentine Mountain".

Nevertheless the period of Florentine domination did not give to the village the hoped economic improvements that other lcoalities reached. Although the locality was close to an important road, its economy was not promoted neither during the government of the Medici's Grand Dukes, nor during that one of the Lorena's Dukes.

The village of Montemignaio experienced a significative economic and population growing just after the Unity of the Reign of Italy, occurre on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Montemignaio we point out here the Pieve di Santa Maria Assunta (Saint Mary of the Assumption Parish) and the Castello Leone (Lion Castle).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Montemignaio we remind the "Chestnut mush Festival" held yearly on October and during which it is possible to taste the fine typical local courses, accompanied by the fine local wine.