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Pian di Sco
Pian di Sco (ZIP code 52026) is 47,4 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Pian di Sco has a population of 5.441 inhabitants (Piandiscoesi) and a surface of 18,42 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 295,39 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 349 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Piazza del Municipio 3, phone ++39 055 - 9631200, fax ++39 055 - 9631290: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Pian di Sco had a popolation of 4.599 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 5.441 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 18,31% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 1.826 families with an average of 2,98 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 128 and 1.131 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.003 metres.
Work and workers:There are 226 industrial firms employing 986 people that are the 64,32% of the total of the workers. There are 84 service firms employing 153 people that are the 9,98% of the total of the workers. There are also 87 firms employing 251 people that are the 16,37% of the total of the workers. There are also 36 administrative offices emplying 143 workers that are the 9,33% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 1.533 workers, that are the 28,17% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Pian di Sco rises along the slopes of the Pratomagno mount, close to the Resco torrent.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals and vegetables and on the activity of numerous mechanical and tannery industries.
The etymology of the place name is doubtful: it could come from the name of the torrent called "Resco", flowing close to the town, whose name is a compound of "Re" (River) and "Sco".
The first settlements in the area of Pian di Sco rose during the XI-th century, when a parish entitled to Saint Mary was founded, whose around the community gathered building its houses.
Since the beginning the whole area was first under the jurisdiction of the Pazzi's family and then under the domination of the Umbertini's one, who held the control of the town along the next three centuries.
At the end of the XIII-th century the Republic of Florence, after conquering some close territories like the village of Castelfranco di Sopra, founded a fortified village and formed a legacy, called "Legacy of Castelfranco di Sopra", in order to contrast the power of the local feudal families. Also Pian di Sco took part to the legacy.
At the beginning of the XV-th century the Medici's Grand Dukes came to the power of Florence. Under the Medici's domination the community of Pian di Sco developed its economy mainly basing it on rural cultivations, from which came all the main essential goods.
By dieing the last direct Medici's descendant, the Lorena's Dukes came to the power.
In 1774 Pietro Leopoldo of Lorena started a series of reforms that leaded to abolish the so called "Legacy of Castelfranco di Sopra", from which Pian di Sco took part along the last centuries: thus the two village were administratively united.
At the beginning of the XIX-th century the territory of Pian di Sco was invaded by the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, who stayed on until 1814. During the Napoleonic domination the village of Pian di Sco reached its municipal autonomy.
In 1861 Pian di Sco was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Pian di Sco we point out here the Pieve di Santa Maria (Saint Mary Parish), the Cappella di Casabiondo (Casabiondo's Chapel) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Pian di Sco we remind the "National Birds' Fair" held yearly on October in which it is possible admire numerous and species of different birds.