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Pieve Santo Stefano
Pieve Santo Stefano (ZIP code 52036) is 53,3 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Pieve Santo Stefano has a population of 3.316 inhabitants (Pievani) and a surface of 155,68 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 21,30 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 431 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Piazza Plinio Pellegrini 1, phone ++39 0575 - 79771, fax ++39 0575 - 797912: the E-Mail address is email@example.com.
Population: The municipality of Pieve Santo Stefano had a popolation of 3.338 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.316 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -0,66% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 1.340 families with an average of 2,47 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 351 and 1.453 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.102 metres.
Work and workers:There are 75 industrial firms employing 494 people that are the 34,47% of the total of the workers. There are 74 service firms employing 170 people that are the 11,86% of the total of the workers. There are also 113 firms employing 373 people that are the 26,03% of the total of the workers. There are also 51 administrative offices emplying 396 workers that are the 27,63% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 1.433 workers, that are the 43,21% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Pieve Santo Stefano extends along a plain area in the Tiberina valley.
The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits, olives and on the activity of numerous industries in the field of making clothes. The close locality of Pratelle is a very important one for the winter tourism.
The name of Pieve Santo Stefano comes from that one of the parishes entitled to Saint Stephen and founded around the XIII-th century.
The first settlements in the area of Pieve Santo Stefano go back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages. Both of the two populations founded important residential settlements, as testified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light and dating back to that ages.
During the Roman domination, thanks to its geographical position close to the confluence of the Tevere river and the Ancione river, Pieve Santo Stefano developed a flourishing trading activity.
After the collapse of the Roman Empire Pieve Santo Stefano was conquered by the Longbards, who started the first work for the fortification of the village in order to defend its important trading activities.
During the next centures the locality was governed by different Lordships that alternated to the power up to the XIII-th century, when the conflicts existing for the quarrel of the village aggravated involving the cities of Arezzo, Perugia and Città di Castello in recurrent sieges, that ruined the territory of Pieve Santo Stefano.
Only at the end of the XIV-th century, after its annexing to the domains of the city of Florence, Pieve Santo Stefano reached a political stability.
Under the domination of the Medici's Grand Dukes, who previously came to the power of Florence, Pieve Santo Stefano became Town Hall of one of the Podestà's seats of the Florentine countryside.
During the Medici's domination the village of Pieve Santo Stefano was restored and enriched by building new and fine noble palaces and villas that are visible still today.
In 1527 the territory of Pieve Santo Stefano subdued the invasion operated by the German imperial army but the inhabitants bravely drove the enemy out of the village.
During the middle of the XVI-th century the village of Pieve Santo Stefano reached an great economic and political importance so to be elevated to the rank of Vicarship.
Along the next century a plague epidemy spread in the whole area of the Tiberina valley causing the depopulation of the town of Pieve Santo Stefano and thus the ending of all the economic activities.
Only at the beginning of the XIX-th century, by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power, Pieve Santo Stefano reached to raise its chances thanks to the wise Lorena's policy that, by acting a series of reforms, aimed both to repopulate the territory and to restart the trading activities.
The period of the Lorena's domination lasted until 1861, when Pieve Santo Stefano was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Pieve Santo Stefano we point out here the Collegiata di Santo Stefano (Saint Stephen Collegiate Church), the Chiesa della Madonna dei Lumi (Our Lady of the Lights Church), the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace) and the Palazzo Comunale (Municipal Palace).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Pieve Santo Stefano we remind here the traditional "Palio dei Lumi" (Lights Race) held yearly from the beginning of August to the beginning of September and involving the four quarters in which the town is divided. The race is followed by a historical parade in costumes evoking the Renaissance Age.