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Sestino

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Sestino (ZIP code 52038) is 83,8 kilometers far from Arezzo, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Sestino has a population of 1.454 inhabitants (Sestinati) and a surface of 80,33 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 18,10 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 456 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Garibaldi 1, phone ++39 0575 - 772206, fax ++39 0575 - 772615: the E-Mail address is comunesestino@inwind.it.

Population: The municipality of Sestino had a popolation of 1.525 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 1.454 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -4,66% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 577 families with an average of 2,52 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 351 and 1.204 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 853 metres.

Work and workers:There are 42 industrial firms employing 257 people that are the 56,86% of the total of the workers. There are 40 service firms employing 70 people that are the 15,49% of the total of the workers. There are also 27 firms employing 68 people that are the 15,04% of the total of the workers. There are also 17 administrative offices emplying 57 workers that are the 12,61% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 452 workers, that are the 31,09% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Sestino rises in the basin of the Foglia river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, wine grape and on activities of silviculture and sheep farming.

The place name probably comes from the Etruscan proper name of person "Sesta", equivalent to the Latin "Sestius" or "Sestus".

The first settlements in the territory of Sestino go back to the Roman Age, when the village was already well fortified, as testified by the numerous archaeological finds of statues and funerary dowries came to light and saved in the "Antiquarium".

At that time the village was the most important military base along the boundary between the Tuscany and Romagna, being particularly strategic for the chasing Punica Wars.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire Sestino entered the possession of the Byzantine Exarchate where remained until the middle of the X-th century, when it was gave as a feud to the Carpegna's family, as testified by an imperial edict issued in 962 by Ottone I.

During the XI-th century Sestino entered the Diocese of Montefeltro, getting this latter an official recognition just in the XIII-th century, when Sestino was elevated to the rank of Vicarship and gave to Dadeo da Casteldelci.

The family of Dadeo da Casteldelci governed the village up to the second hald of the XIV-th century, when it was replaced by the Malatesta's family.

During the XV-th century Federico da Montefeltro took the village of Sestino away from the influence of the Church and added it to the Dukedom of Urbino.

During the next century the territory of Sestino was quarrelled between Francesco della Rovere and the Medici's Grand Dukes. The quarrel ended with the victory of these latters.

Sestino was then annexed to the possessions of the Medici's Grand Dukedom, of which the village shared its political and economic chances, passing at the beginning of the XVIII-th century under the government of the Lorena's Dukes.

These latters dominated Sestino almost uninterruptedly until its annexing to the Reign of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Sestino the Pieve di San Pancrazio (Saint Pancrazio Parish), the Antiquarium and the remains of the Medieval village.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Sestino we remind the traditional "Festival of the Chianina Steak" held yearly on the last week-end og June and during which it is possible to taste an excellent steak of bovine meat, coming from the typical breed of the Chiana Valley.