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Dicomano

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Dicomano (ZIP code 50062) is 38,2 kilometers far from Firenze, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Dicomano has a population of 4.945 inhabitants (Dicomanesi) and a surface of 61,74 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 80,09 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 162 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Della Repubblica 3, phone ++39 055 - 838541, fax ++39 055 - 8385423: the E-Mail address is ufficio.segreteria@comune.dicomano.fi.it.

Population: The municipality of Dicomano had a popolation of 4.570 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 4.945 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 8,21% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.952 families with an average of 2,53 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 140 and 1.241 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.101 metres.

Work and workers:There are 106 industrial firms employing 442 people that are the 45,01% of the total of the workers. There are 78 service firms employing 164 people that are the 16,70% of the total of the workers. There are also 88 firms employing 220 people that are the 22,40% of the total of the workers. There are also 26 administrative offices emplying 156 workers that are the 15,89% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 982 workers, that are the 19,86% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Dicomano rises close to the confluence between the Comano torrent and the Sieve river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, olives and grapes, on the pasture and on the artisan production of accessories for clothes.

The place name comes from the Latin "decumanus" with the meaning of "boundary of the land from East to West".

The first residential settlements in the area of Dicomano go back to the Etruscan Age, to who the Romans succeeded and built a fortified "castrum" (castle) that became one of the main Roman military garrison.

For its strategic position nearby important roads, the village was quarrelled for a long among different local lordships.

Dicomano developed in the Middle Ages and during the XIII-th century it consolidated around a market (where the local trades took place) placed close to a castle and a parish both previously built.

At that time the Guidi Counts erected a fortified castle, named "Castel del Pozzo" (Castle of the Well) that in 1337 passed to the Bardi's family.

Between the XIII-th and XIV-th century the village of Dicomano got a remarkable economic importance thanks to the fact of being close to the so called "Via del grano" (Grain road) that leaded to Florence and to the junction of important merchant trades.

The Republic of Florence, started its territorial expansion, conquered Dicomano, a flourishing market very useful to the Florentine countryside.

Since the XIV-th century Dicomano entered the Florentine orbit and it was subdued to the jurisdiction of the Medici's Grand Dukes, who founded in the valley of the Sieve river an important shipyard to supply the needs of the cities of Pisa and Livorno.

During the next centuries Dicomano got such an importance that it was elevated to the rank of Vicarship.

While the economy of Dicomano continued to grow, the Lorena's Dukes succeeded by heritance to the Medici's last descendant.

In the first decades of the XIX-th century the economy of Dicomano had a new impulse by building a railway connecting Dicomano to the city of Forlì that increased the trades between the Tuscany and the Emilia Romagna.

In 1861 Dicomano was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Dicomano we point out here the Pieve di Santa Maria (Saint Mary Parish), the Oratorio di Sant'Onofrio (Saint Onofrio Oratory), the Palazzo Comunale (Municipal Palace) and the remains of the Medieval fortifications.

Among the numerous celebrations taking place in Dicomano we remind the "Fair-market of the craftsmanship" held yearly on August 21th where it is possible to admire artisan and antique objects.