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Greve in Chianti

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Greve in Chianti (ZIP code 50022) is 33,4 kilometers far from Firenze, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Greve in Chianti has a population of 12.701 inhabitants (Grevigiani) and a surface of 169,12 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 75,10 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 236 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza G. Matteotti 8, phone ++39 055 - 85451, fax ++39 055 - 8544654: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.greve-in-chianti.fi.it.

Population: The municipality of Greve in Chianti had a popolation of 11.139 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 12.701 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 14,02% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 4.854 families with an average of 2,62 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 113 and 892 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 779 metres.

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Work and workers:There are 433 industrial firms employing 1.848 people that are the 51,74% of the total of the workers. There are 305 service firms employing 624 people that are the 17,47% of the total of the workers. There are also 296 firms employing 848 people that are the 23,74% of the total of the workers. There are also 79 administrative offices emplying 252 workers that are the 7,05% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 3.572 workers, that are the 28,12% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Greve in Chianti rises along the left bank of the Greve river.

The local economy is mainly based on the activity of numerous cement factories and wood, tanner and food industries. Very interesting is the artisan manufacture of the wrought iron, the embroidery and the production of valuable local wines.

The place name comes from a compound name of "Greve", that is the river name along which the locality rises, and of "Chianti" with reference to the name of the area where the town is placed.

The first settlements in the area of Greve in Chianti go back to ancient times, as the archaeological finds dating back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages testify.

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Nevertheless the consolidation of the village occurred during the Middle Ages under the jurisdiction of the city of Florence, of which Greve in Chianti was a part.

The economy of Greve in Chianti developed very quickly, thanks to its strategic position close to important roads like the so called "Via Francigena" and "Via Volterrana" that joined the village to the city of Florence and to the main towns of the valley of the Arno and Pesa rivers.

At the end of the XIV-th century the vine production started in Greve in Chianti. It was appreciated by the noblemen coming from Florence and Siena, who contributed to the economic growing of the village.

Between the XVII-th and XVIII-th centuries Greve in Chianti experienced such an autonomy and a great economic prosperity so to become one of the most important towns of the surrounding.

At the beginning of the XVIII-th century Greve in Chianti was under the jurisdiction of the Lorena's Dukes, who, starting the reclamation of the territory, promoted an additional development of the agricultural production and thus a great economic growing.

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At the beginning of the XIX-th century the territory of Greve in Chianti was invaded by the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, who stayed in the town until 1814 when the Treaty of Vienna assigned the town to the Tuscan Grand Dukedom.

In 1861 Greve in Chianti was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Greve in Chianti we point out here the Chiesa di Santa Croce (Saint Cross Church), the Pieve di San Leolino a Panzano (Saint Leonino Parish in Panzano), the Pieve di San Cresci (Saint Cresci Parish), the Castello di Montefioralle (Castle of Montefioralle), the Castello di Uzzano (Castle of Uzzano) and the Castello di Vicchiomaggio (Castle of Vicchiomaggio).

Among the numerous celebrations taking place in Greve in Chianti we remind the "Show-market of Plants and Flowers" yearly held on May 7th and 8th. For the occasion the main square of the town hosts a botanical garden where it is possible to admire wonderful vegetal and floreal species of different colors and scents.