Back to the province of Firenze

Incisa in Val d`Arno

© Reti e Sistemi Toscana.indettaglio.it

Incisa in Val d`Arno (ZIP code 50064) is 20 kilometers far from Firenze, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Incisa in Val d`Arno has a population of 5.494 inhabitants (Incisani) and a surface of 26,52 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 207,16 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 122 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza del Municipio 5, phone ++39 055 - 833341, fax ++39 055 - 8336669: the E-Mail address is urp@comune.incisa-valdarno.fi.it.

Population: The municipality of Incisa in Val d`Arno had a popolation of 5.312 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 5.494 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 3,43% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.978 families with an average of 2,78 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 115 and 634 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 519 metres.

Work and workers:There are 137 industrial firms employing 570 people that are the 45,53% of the total of the workers. There are 112 service firms employing 257 people that are the 20,53% of the total of the workers. There are also 98 firms employing 284 people that are the 22,68% of the total of the workers. There are also 30 administrative offices emplying 141 workers that are the 11,26% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.252 workers, that are the 22,79% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Incisa in Val d'Arno rises in the valley extending along the left bank of the Arno river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, olives, on the avicultural breeding and on the activity of numerous mechanical industries.

The place name probably comes from the Medieval "incisa", coming this latter from the Latin "caedere", with the meaning of "to cut". In 1863 the specification "in Val d'Arno" was added with reference to the town position, along the left bank of the Arno river.

The first settlements in the area of Incisa in Val d'Arno go back to the Etruscan and Roman Ages, as testified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light and dating back to that time.

During the Roman Age the town was a placed where some flourishing trading activities took place but after the Barbaric invasions the territory of Incisa in Val d'Arno depopulated. It repopulated again just around the XII-th century.

At that time a castle was built and whose around the village of Incisa in Val d'Arno started to form.

Since the beginning the village was subdued to the domination of the powerful city of Florence that in 1224 started a first fortification by building a ring of walls.

At the end of the XIII-th century the village of Incisa in Val d'Arno was first elevated to the rank of a free common and then it became a Podestà's seat of the Florentine countryside.

Since the next century Incisa in Val d'Arno subdued numerous invasions that devasted its territory, like that one operated in 1363 by the Pisan army and that one operated by the Spanish troops, occurred in the first middle of the XVI-th century.

During the middle of the same century the Medici's Grand Dukes came to the power and started a period of political stability that allow the development of a flourishing local economy.

The domination of the Medici's Grand Dukes lasted along the XVII-th century, ending just at the beginning of the next century because of the lack of Medici's direct heirs.

Therefore the village of Incisa in Val d'Arno passed by heritance to the Lorena's Dukes, who gave an additional impulse to the already flourishing local economy by acting some wise reforms mainly aiming both to reclaim the territory and to restore the town buildings.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Incisa in Val d'Arno we point out here the Oratorio del Crocifisso (Oratory of the Crucifix), the Convento francescano dei Santi Cosma e Damiano al Vivaio (Saints Cosma and Damiano Franciscan Convent at the Vivaio), the Parrocchiale di Sant'Alessandro (Saint Alexander Parish) and the Museo d'Arte Sacra (Holy Art Museum).

Among the numerous celebration periodically taking place in Incisa in Val d'Arno we remind the "Mushroom Festival" held yearly on May and June and during which it is also possible both to taste the fine local foods and wines and to attend numerous sport events.