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Capalbio (ZIP code 58011) is 59,6 kilometers far from Grosseto, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Capalbio has a population of 3.713 inhabitants (Capalbiesi) and a surface of 187,53 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 19,80 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 217 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Via G. Puccini 32, phone ++39 0564 - 897701, fax ++39 0564 - 896644: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Capalbio had a popolation of 4.014 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.713 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -7,50% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 1.449 families with an average of 2,56 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 196 and 424 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 228 metres.
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Work and workers:There are 73 industrial firms employing 239 people that are the 22,03% of the total of the workers. There are 101 service firms employing 216 people that are the 19,91% of the total of the workers. There are also 113 firms employing 498 people that are the 45,90% of the total of the workers. There are also 26 administrative offices emplying 132 workers that are the 12,17% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 1.085 workers, that are the 29,22% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Capalbio rises on a hill placed in the Maremma territory, to the west of the Argentario mountain, very short from the Tyrrhenian coast.
The economy of the town is mainly based on dockyard industries and on the vine and olive productions.
The origin of Capalbio is documented in an act dating back to 805 that refers to the donation of a castle placed in the homonymous area by Carlo Magno to the Roman Abbey of the Three Fountains.
The etymology about the place name in doubtful: some people suppose that the place name comes from the Latin expression "caput liberum" with the meaning of "white top" whereas according to other ones it comes from the Latin "caput Albi" referring to the proper name of person, Albio.
During XII-th century the land of Capalbio was a property of the Aldobrandeschi's family whose domination lasted up to the end of XIII-th century when the territory was conquered by the city of Orvieto.
Since 1339 the castle of Capalbio was under the jurisdiction of Siena that dominated undisturbed for a century, interrupted shortly by the coming to the power the Orsini's family. The domination of Siena was economically flourishing and Capalbio was fortified by building a ring of walls and an imposing fortress. The urban order was enriched of houses and religious buildings.
When in 1555 Siena was besieged by the Spanish army leaded by Carlo V who was in an alliance with the Florentine Medici family, also Capalbio subdued the Spanish domination.
Owing to the collapse of the Republic of Siena, Capalbio was assigned by Carlo V to the Grand Duke Cosimo I of Medici. Under Cosimo I started a period of economic decline caused mainly by the spreading of the marshy phenomenon that at that time regarded all territories of the Maremma. The almost isolated position of Capalbio and the absence of a good road network left Capalbio far from the trading activities of the Grand Dukedom.
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The Mediciís domination lasted until 1737, when by dieing the last Mediciís heir the town of Capalbio passed to the Lorena's family. Under Leopoldo I of Lorena Capalbio was joined to the territory of Manciano. Capalbio lost thus its administrative autonomy. In 1842 Leopoldo II of Lorena continued the work started by his predecessor joining Capalbio to Orbetello.
The Lorenaís domination lasted up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 for the will of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most interesting monuments to see in Capalbio we point out here the Pieve di San Nicola (Saint Nicholas Parish), the Oratorio della Provvidenza (Oratory of the Provvidence), the Palazzo Collacchioni (Collachioni Palace) and the Giardino dei Tarocchi (Garden of the Tarots).
Among famous people who were born in Capalbio we remind here the poet Alfonso Gatto (1909-1976) who was a promoter of the literary movement called "ermetismo" (hermetism).
Among several celebrations taking place periodically in Capalbio we point out here the traditional "Festival of the wild boar" held on the second week of September.