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Castiglione della Pescaia

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Castiglione della Pescaia (ZIP code 58043) is 21,8 kilometers far from Grosseto, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Castiglione della Pescaia has a population of 7.244 inhabitants (Castiglionesi) and a surface of 208,76 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 34,70 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 4 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via V. Veneto 5, phone ++39 0564 - 933870, fax ++39 0564 - 936179: the E-Mail address is info@comunecdp.it.

Population: The municipality of Castiglione della Pescaia had a popolation of 7.195 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 7.244 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 0,68% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 3.148 families with an average of 2,30 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 1 and 631 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 630 metres.

Work and workers:There are 208 industrial firms employing 593 people that are the 17,19% of the total of the workers. There are 338 service firms employing 757 people that are the 21,94% of the total of the workers. There are also 437 firms employing 1.791 people that are the 51,91% of the total of the workers. There are also 47 administrative offices emplying 309 workers that are the 8,96% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 3.450 workers, that are the 47,63% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Castiglione della Pescaia rises along the coast of the Maremma and it is placed between the close Tyrrhenian sea and the Petricci hillock behind. The town has a harbour-canal that is placed to the mouth of the Bruna river.

Castiglione della Pescaia is a famous resort, well known for the bauty of its sandy beach bordered by a green pine-wood. The economy of the town is also based on agricultural and fishing activities.

The place name of Castiglione della Pescaia comes from the two Latin words "castello" and "piscaria", the last one literally means fish-pond.

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The origin of the town goes back to the Roman Age and, according to the tradition, it could refer to the settlement that was quoted, with the name of Salebrum, in some ancient Roman documents.

In the eleventh century Castiglione della Pescaia was a property of the Saint Antimo Abbey and in the next century the town subdued Pisan influence on the territory, that was added to the Pisan domains and stayed for a long under the Pisan control.

At the end of the thirteenth century Castiglione della Pescaia became a free municapality and later it had a great economic growing thanks to the trading and fishing activities development.

During the fourteenth century the town experienced a long phase of economic decline caused by spreading of the marsh for the debris coming from the Bruna river and in 1348 a marsh fever decreased the population.

Around 1446 Castiglione della Pescaia was occupied by the army leading by Alfonso I, King of Naple, who built a fortified ring of walls. Later the town was sold to the Piccolomini family so entering the domains of the city of Siena.

The territory of Castiglione della Pescaia was still a marshy and risky area for plagues. The first works for the reclamation of the territory only started under the Florentine domination.

In 1558 Castiglione della Pescaia passed to Eleonora of Toledo, Cosimo I de' Medici's wife, and thus entered the Florentine Grand Dukedome.

The Grand Dukes started a spread restoring of the territory that lasted two centuries and that was continued by Leopoldo I of Lorena who allowed to build a structure used to fix and prevent from the reflux of the river water toward the land and its subsequent stagnation.

The design and the building of that structure, today known with the name of Casa Rossa (Red House), was relied by the famous plumbing engineer Leonardo Ximenes from Trapany, who leaded the building between 1766 and 1768.

The building of the Red House gave a great impulse to the economic growing of Castiglione della Pescaia, whose economy was mainly based on the fishing activities.

In 1828 was also built a bridge, called Giorgini Bridge, that joined the two banks of the river.

In 1861 Castiglione della Pescaia was added to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Today the old marshy area hosts the area of the Diaccia Botrona that is one of the most important Italian water faunal oasis.

Among the most important monuments to see in Castiglione della Pescaia we point out here the Medieval village of Castiglione Castello, the Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Church), the Rocca Aragonese (Aragonese Fortress) and the pineta del Tombolo (pine-wood of Tombolo).