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Roccastrada

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Veduta di Roccastrada

Roccastrada (ZIP code 58036) is 35,9 kilometers far from Grosseto, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Roccastrada has a population of 9.189 inhabitants (Roccastradini) and a surface of 284,49 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 32,30 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 475 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Corso Roma 8, phone ++39 0564 - 561111, fax ++39 0564 - 561205: the E-Mail address is sindaco@comune.roccastrada.gr.it.

Population: The municipality of Roccastrada had a popolation of 9.377 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 9.189 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -2,00% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 3.917 families with an average of 2,35 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 16 and 797 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 781 metres.

Work and workers:There are 205 industrial firms employing 677 people that are the 35,86% of the total of the workers. There are 217 service firms employing 478 people that are the 25,32% of the total of the workers. There are also 179 firms employing 481 people that are the 25,48% of the total of the workers. There are also 83 administrative offices emplying 252 workers that are the 13,35% of the total of the workers.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Chiesa di San Michele Arcangelo

There is a total of 1.888 workers, that are the 20,55% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Roccastrada rises on a hill placed on the right bank of the Ombrone river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, fodders, grapes and olives. There are also numerous mining, clothing, wood and plaster materials production industries.

The place was quoted for the first time in an official document dating back to 1140 as "Roccestrade" and it comes from the compound of "rocca" (fortress) and "strada" (road).

Roccastrada has a thousand-years-old history: it is supposed that its territory has been populated since the V-th century B. C.. At that time it was quarrelled between the close localities of Vetulonia and Roselle for the richness of minerals in its territory.

During the Roman domination the mining activity subdued a stop, holding already the Romans a wide network for the trading of metals.

Along the Early Middle Ages started the building of numerous castle in the village of Roccastrada, under the jurisdiction of the Aldobrandeschi's Counts and the commuity gathered around a castle belonging to the same counts.

During the Middle Ages Roccastrada subdued the consequences of the rivalries between the Aldobrandeschi's Counts and the Republic of Siena. Both wanted to reach the control of the territory and for this reason the village did not experience the economic development that other close towns experienced, remaining left out of trading activities.

Along the XIV-th century Roccastrada was conquered and annexed to the Republic of Siena. At that time started a decline for the whole Tuscan region, caused by spreading the epidemics of plague, caused this latter by spreading of marshy lands.

The successive collapse of the Republic of Siena, caused around 1154 by the powerful city of Florence, leaded to the Florentine conquer of all the domains of Siena, among them also Roccastrada, under the Medici's domination.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero interno di San Feriolo a Caminino

The period of the Medici's domination did not lead to great economic benefits because of the little Medici's interest for this area.

Only by coming the Lorena's Dukes to the power, at the beginning of the XVIII-th century, the economy of Roccastrada raised its chances thanks to the Lorena's reforms to reclaim the marshy lands, thus promoting the development of the agriculture and the mining and manufacturing activites of metals. The Lorena's Dukes revalorized the wood sources making a fourishing trading of wood started.

After the occupation of the territory of the French troops leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, occurred on the first decade of the XIX-th century, Roccastrada was added to the Tusan Grand Dukedom up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Roccastrada we point out here the Parrocchiale di San Niccolò (Saint Nicholas Church), the Chiesa della Madonna delle Grazie (Our Lady of the Graces Church), the Teatro dei Concordi (Concordants' Theatre) and the Museo della Vite e del Vino (Museum of Vineyard and Wine).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Roccastrada we remind here the traditional "Palio dei Ciuchi" held yearly from September 2th to September 11th and that consists of a horse race accompanied by music shows and stands for the tasting of the fine typical local foods.