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Scansano

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Scansano (ZIP code 58054) is 29,3 kilometers far from Grosseto, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Scansano has a population of 4.383 inhabitants (Scansanesi) and a surface of 273,94 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 16,00 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 500 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via XX Settembre 34, phone ++39 0564 - 509411, fax ++39 0564 - 509425: the E-Mail address is info@comune.scansano.gr.it.

Population: The municipality of Scansano had a popolation of 4.681 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 4.383 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -6,37% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.942 families with an average of 2,26 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 13 and 652 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 639 metres.

Work and workers:There are 103 industrial firms employing 312 people that are the 38,10% of the total of the workers. There are 109 service firms employing 163 people that are the 19,90% of the total of the workers. There are also 89 firms employing 216 people that are the 26,37% of the total of the workers. There are also 49 administrative offices emplying 128 workers that are the 15,63% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 819 workers, that are the 18,69% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Scansano rises on a hilly area placed between the valleys of the Ombrone and Albegna rivers.

The economy of Scansano is mainly based on the agriculture and vine-olive production. Famous is the production of the homonymous red wine "Morellino", recently classified as a D. O. C. (Denomination of Controlled Origin) wine.

The first settlements in the area of Scansano go back to the Etruscan Age, as testified by the ancient village going back to VI-III-th century B. C. that was brought to light by some twentieth-century archaeological excavations.

The place name comes from the Latin word "scansa" referring to a proper name of person.

Between XII-th and XIII-th centuries the village of Scansano developed under the Aldobrandeschi’s jurisdiction.

During XIII-th century the Republic of Siena started an expansionistic politic aiming to conquer the whole territory of Scansano in order to get a way towards the sea that would be useful to the economy of the Republic.

The Aldobrandeschi tried to defend their property against the occupation of Siena but around 1500 Scansano passed to the jurisdiction of the Republic of Siena becoming one of the main centres in the surrounding area.

In 1615 Scansano was sold to Cosimi I of Medici and thus it entered the Tuscan Grand Dukedom and it was under the Medici's possession on the next century.

The Grand Dukes started a first great work for the reclamation of the country in order to make lands cultivable and thus to promote the agriculture. The reclamation works started under the Tuscan Grand Dukedom, also continued with the Lorena’s Dukes who took the place of the Medici’s Grand Dukes in 1738.

Under the Lorena’s domination started a phase of economic growing that increased the trade of wood, wool and agricultural products.

At the beginning of XIX century Leopoldo II of Lorena started the so called habit of the "estatatura" that consisted in transferring the public offices placed in the city of Grosseto to Scansano during the spring season when the hot temperature caused the spreading of epidemic phenomenons.

In 1816 the exploiment of the mineral sulphur by opening the first mines that gave a strong impulse to the economy of Scansano.

In 1861 Scansano was added to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Scansano we point out here the Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista (Saint John Baptist Church), the Chiesa di Santa Maria delle Grazie (Saint Mary of the Graces Church), the Convento del Petreto (Convent of the Petreto), the Teatro Castagnoli (Castagnoli Theatre) and the Palazzo Pretorio (Praetorian Palace).

Among several celebrations taking place periodically in Scansano we point out the traditional "Settembre Scansanese". The show consists of some tours of the historical wine shops in Scansano where it is possible to taste typical local wines and products and to enjoy several shows in costumes and contest of shooting by a bow.