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Campo nell`Elba

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Campo nell`Elba (ZIP code 57034) is 153,3 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Campo nell`Elba has a population of 4.158 inhabitants (Campesi) and a surface of 55,59 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 74,80 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 2 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza Dante Alighieri N 1, phone ++39 0565 - 979311, fax ++39 0565 - 976921: the E-Mail address is segreteriasindaco@elbalink.it.

Population: The municipality of Campo nell`Elba had a popolation of 4.274 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 4.158 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -2,71% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.852 families with an average of 2,25 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 1 and 905 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 904 metres.

Work and workers:There are 127 industrial firms employing 446 people that are the 24,17% of the total of the workers. There are 161 service firms employing 363 people that are the 19,67% of the total of the workers. There are also 238 firms employing 903 people that are the 48,94% of the total of the workers. There are also 22 administrative offices emplying 133 workers that are the 7,21% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.845 workers, that are the 44,37% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Campo nell'Elba rises on the south-western side of the isle of Elba.

The local economy is mainly based on fishing, viticulture and on the granite-rock mining and processing.

The place name comes from the compound of "campo", coming this latter from the Latin "campus" that means "plain", and of "Elba", with reference to the place in which the town rises.

The first human traces on the territory of Campo nell'Elba, of which the fine isle of Pianosa is part, go back to Prehistoric ages whereas the first residential settlements go back to the Roman Age, as testified by numerous archaeological finds came to light and dating back to that time.

During the Middle Ages the village of Campo nell'Elba consolidated around a parish under the direct influence of the city of Livorno. At that time the isle of Pianosa was a part of the domains of the Republic of Pisa.

Since the beginning the communitu carried on the granite mining in the close locality of Secchetto. Along the next centuries the mining activity made the fortune of the village.

Later Campo nell'Elba entered the possessions of Pisa too: due to the collapse of this latter both of the two villages passed under the jurisdiction of the Appianos, Lords of Piombino.

The Appiano's domination gave to the village the ncessary politic stability to promote the development of the economic activities.

During the next centuries the village of Campo nell'Elba was annexed to the territory of the Republic of Florence that, at the beginning of the XVII-th century, conquered the whole isle of Elba. Thus Campo nell'Elba was first subdued to the jurisdiction of the Medici's Grand Dukes and then to the Lorena's one, who used the isle of Pianosa as a state prison.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Campo nell'Elba we point out here the Chiesa di San Giovanni (Saint John Church), the Chiesa di San Niccolò (Saint Nicholas Church), the Torre di Marina di Campo (Tower of Marina di Campo) and the Torre di San Giovanni (Saint John's Tower).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Campo nell'Elba we remind the traditional "Saint Gaetano's Feast" held yearly on August 7th in honour of the Patron Saint, during which it is possible both to taste the good local foods and wines and to see some fine fireworks.