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Capoliveri

Photo © Capoliverionline.it
Capoliveri

Capoliveri (ZIP code 57031) is 139,4 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Capoliveri has a population of 3.108 inhabitants (Capoliveresi) and a surface of 38,95 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 79,79 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 167 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza del Cavatore, phone ++39 0565 - 967611, fax ++39 0565 - 968060: the E-Mail address is comune@capoliveri.net.

Population: The municipality of Capoliveri had a popolation of 2.435 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.108 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 27,64% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.443 families with an average of 2,15 people per family.

Photo © Capoliverionline.it
Via di Capoliveri

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 123 and 413 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 290 metres.

Work and workers:There are 89 industrial firms employing 202 people that are the 13,77% of the total of the workers. There are 138 service firms employing 277 people that are the 18,88% of the total of the workers. There are also 268 firms employing 829 people that are the 56,51% of the total of the workers. There are also 13 administrative offices emplying 159 workers that are the 10,84% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.467 workers, that are the 47,20% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Capoliveri rises in the mining area of the Elba isle between the Calamita and the Ginevro mountains, in the southerner area of the Elba isle.

The economy of the town is mainly based on cultural and bathing tourism also thanks to numerous and well equipped accommodation facilities.

The first settlements go back to the Age of the Etruscans who allocated there for the geographical strategic position in order to control both the Southern Sea and the Western Sea.

Photo © Capoliverionline.it
Particolare di Capoliveri

During the Roman Age the town was known with the name of "Caput Liberum" and it was famous for its valuable vine production.

The place name comes from a comprising name of the Latin word "Caput" with the meaning of "peak or capital" and the other Latin word "Liber" referred to the meaning of "free taxation place".

Under the Pisa’s domination of the Elba isle, that was an important economic area for the minerals mines of iron and granite, Capoliveri became sea-captain centre.

The Pisans controlled the territory up to the beginning of XV century when Capoliveri first was sold to the Milan Visconti's family and then it became a property of Gherardo d’Appiano, Lord of Piombino, under the Spanish influence.

In the first half of XVI-th century Capoliveri was destroyed by the Turkish and Barbarian pirates. Followed a long series of rebuilding and fortifying works with some economic increase.

At the beginning of XVIII-th century Capoliveri was the scene of a struggle between the Imperial and Spanish armies.

At the end of XVIII-th century Capoliveri was invaded by the Frenchs leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte who carried out a heavy repression against the opposers to the French domination.

During the Napoleonic domination Capoliveri experienced a remarkable economic impulse thanks to the improving of the agricultural activities and the vine production. It was also started the rebuilding of the roads and restored the urban order: the mining activity was also improved.

Photo © Capoliverionline.it
La spiaggia di Capoliveri

After the collapse of the Napoleonic Empire the whole isle passed to the Dukes of Lorena's family who relaunched the economy. The mining production had a notable increase getting to sell the minerals, in the half of XIX-th century, also to foreign Nations like France, England and the United Sates of America.

In 1861 Capoliveri was added to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Capoliveri we point out here the Santuario della Madonna delle Grazie (Our Lady of the Graces Sanctuary), the remains of the Chiesa di San Michele (Saint Michael Church), the Chiesa della Madonna della Neve (Our Lady of the Snow Church), the Forte Focardo (Focardo Fortress) and the Museo dei Minerali Elbani (Museum of Elba's minerals).

Among the most interesting celebrations taking place periodically in Capoliveri we point out here the traditional "Festival of the Grapes" held every year on October. During the festivity takes place a local competition of the finest decorations remembering the ancient rural traditions.