Back to the province of Livorno

Livorno

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Livorno (ZIP code 57100) is 0 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Livorno has a population of 148.143 inhabitants (Livornesi) and a surface of 104,1 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 1.423,08 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 3 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza del Municipio 1, phone ++39 0586 - 820111, fax ++39 0586 - 820444: the E-Mail address is segnalazioni@comune.livorno.it.

Population: The municipality of Livorno had a popolation of 167.512 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 148.143 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -11,56% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 58.868 families with an average of 2,52 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 1 and 462 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 461 metres.

Work and workers:There are 1.659 industrial firms employing 7.853 people that are the 14,74% of the total of the workers. There are 3.821 service firms employing 9.622 people that are the 18,07% of the total of the workers. There are also 4.120 firms employing 28.025 people that are the 52,62% of the total of the workers. There are also 393 administrative offices emplying 7.762 workers that are the 14,57% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 53.262 workers, that are the 35,95% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Livorno rises on the southern side of the floody plan of the Arno river.

The economy of Livorno is based on the trading activity of its harbour that is the mayor one in the region, and on dockyard, engineering, chemical and, steel and iron industries. Remarkable are also the artistic manufacture of the alabaster, of wicker objects, of ceramics, of golsmith's art and the artican reproduction of medieval weapons.

Livorno is also a famous bathing resort, chacacteristic for the beauty of its coast and of the hills that surround it.

It is not know much about the first Etruscan settlements in the city: probably Livorno derives its name by a person proper name.

The city of Livorno takes origin from a castle that was given as a feud to local noblemen.

Because of the victory of Pisa on Livorno in the Meloria battle occurred on 1284, the inhabitants of Livorno were obliged to subdue to the Pisans.

Later Pisan equipped Livorno with an efficient harbour when Pisan harbour started to collapse and they strenthened Livorno by fortified structures.

For a short time Livorno passed from Pisans to people from Genoa and in 1421 it was sold to the Florentine Republic becaming, the most important Tuscan harbour, under Cosimo I Medici's Gran Dukedom.

In 1575 Francesco I Medici, Cosimo I Medici's successor, it was started the enlargement of the harbour of Livorno and a complete restoring of the built-up area. The project of the urban plan was charged to Bernardo Buontalenti (1536-1608).

Works continued for a long time till Ferdinando I Medici decided to transform a part of the city into a great fortrees, named "New Fortrees".

In less than a century Livorno turned in an important Tuscan city for an increasing number of citizens and the main harbour in the Tyrrhenian Sea, gaining recognition in all Mediterranean Sea, and as an important slipway for English and Duch trades between Europe and Orient.

In 1629 the city expanded towards northern coast by using of Venetian building techniques: from here the name of the new built district, New Venetia.

Occupied by French army in 1795, Livorno was added to Napoleonic Empire until 1814.

In the first half of nineteenth century a great population increase determined an enlargment of the urban settlement towards the northen and southern boards.

In 1860 Livorno was added to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Livorno we point out here the Duomo (Cathedral), the monumento dei Quattro Mori (monument of Four Moors), the Fortezza (Fortrees), the Torre del Fanale (Tower of the Lighthouse), the Villa Fabbricotti (Fabbricotti Villa) and the Accademia Navale (Naval College) borned in 1881.

Livorno is the birth city of Carlo Bini (1806-1842), the famous writer whose Giuseppe Mazzini entrusted the diffusion of the program about the "Giovine Italia" in Tuscany, that was a Republican secret association.

Among the most interesting celebrations taking place in Livorno we point out here the traditional show, known as "Effetto Venezia" (Venetian Effect), periodically taking place between July and August in the eighteenth-century district named New Venetia.