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Rio nell`Elba

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Rio nell`Elba (ZIP code 57039) is 127,3 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Rio nell`Elba has a population of 954 inhabitants (Riesi) and a surface of 16,71 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 57,09 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 165 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Garibaldi 38, phone ++39 0565 - 943411, fax ++39 0565 - 943021: the E-Mail address is rioelba@tiscalinet.it.

Population: The municipality of Rio nell`Elba had a popolation of 866 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 954 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of 10,16% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 467 families with an average of 2,04 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 97 and 516 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 419 metres.

Work and workers:There are 20 industrial firms employing 61 people that are the 25,96% of the total of the workers. There are 21 service firms employing 35 people that are the 14,89% of the total of the workers. There are also 36 firms employing 93 people that are the 39,57% of the total of the workers. There are also 9 administrative offices emplying 46 workers that are the 19,57% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 235 workers, that are the 24,63% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Rio nell'Elba rises along the north-eastern side of the isle of Elba.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, fruits, vegetables and on tourism, thanks both to the beauty of the places and to the presence of numerous fine and qualified hotels.

The place name comes from the compound of "rio", with the meaning of "little river", and of "Elba", with reference to the position of the town on the isle of Elba.

The first human traces on the territory of Rio nell'Elba go back to the Paleolitic Age. Later the area depopulated, and repopulated again during the Etruscan and Roman Ages.

The first residential settlements formed during the Early Middle Ages, when the locality was subdued to the hegemony of the powerful city of Pisa that promoted the development of the mining activities.

The Pisan domination lasted up to the end of the XIV-th century, when the Appiano's family, Lords of Piombino, came to the power.

During the two next centuries there were recurrent raids operated by the pirates leaded by Federico Barbarossa.: they culminated on 1543 with the devastation of the territory and the deportation of all of the inhabitants.

During the XVII-th century the village of Rio nell'Elba became an autonomous common, equipped with its own statutes. During the same period, by dieing the last Appiano's direct descendant, the Ludovisi-Boncompagni's family came to the power.

Rio nell'Elba started a phase of economic growing due to the interest of the new lords in the exploit of the mineral resources, that gave job to the inhabitants of Rio nell'Elba.

At the beginning of the XVIII-th century Rio nell'Elba subdued the invasion of the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte that occupied the whole isle of Elba until 1814.

After the French occupation the whole isle of Elba was annexed to the Tuscan Grand Dukedom, under whose domination Rio nell'Elba increased the activity of mining reaching the top of its economic development at the end of the XIX-th century.

In 1861 Rio nell'Elba was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Rio nell'Elba we point out here the Chiesa dei Santi Giacomo e Quirico (Saints Giacomo and Quirico Church) and the "Museo Archeologico del Distretto Minerario Elbano" (Archaeological Museum of the Elba's Mineral District).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Rio nell'Elba we remind the traditional "Saint Giacomo's Feast" held yearly on July 25th by taking place some civil and religious celebrations in honour of the Patron Saint.