Back to the province of Livorno

Suvereto

© Reti e Sistemi Toscana.indettaglio.it

Suvereto (ZIP code 57028) is 100,9 kilometers far from Livorno, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Suvereto has a population of 2.897 inhabitants (Suveretani) and a surface of 92,85 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 31,20 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 90 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Piazza dei Giudici 3, phone ++39 0565 - 829923-366, fax ++39 0565 - 828201: the E-Mail address is suvereto.comune@etruscan.li.it.

Population: The municipality of Suvereto had a popolation of 3.053 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.897 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -5,11% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.222 families with an average of 2,37 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 21 and 585 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 564 metres.

Work and workers:There are 64 industrial firms employing 193 people that are the 29,02% of the total of the workers. There are 80 service firms employing 179 people that are the 26,92% of the total of the workers. There are also 76 firms employing 213 people that are the 32,03% of the total of the workers. There are also 33 administrative offices emplying 80 workers that are the 12,03% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 665 workers, that are the 22,95% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Suvereto rises along the right bank of the lower valley of the Cornia river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vegetables and olives.

The place name probably comes from the Latin "suber", that means "cork", to which the suffix "-etum" was added with reference to the richness of oak-trees in the territory, from which it is possible to obtain the corky.

The origin of the village of Suvereto occurred during the Early Middle Ages, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, under the jurisdiction of the Aldobrandeschi's Counts.

In the beginning Suvereto was allied with the town of Massa Marittima, sharing for a long with this latter its policy and history.

In 1201 Suvereto became an autonomous common, having its own statutes. Later it entered with Massa Marittima a Ghibelline legacy (Empire's supporter) leaded by the Republic of Pisa. A century later the village was annexed to the Princedom of Piombino.

Between the XIII-th and the XIV-th century the urban structure was restored and many important buildings that are visible still today were built, like the Municipal Palace and the Saint Francis Convent.

At that time the Republic of Pisa started a policy of territorial expansion that leaded to conquer the whole area and to annex numerous villages like Suvereto to its domains.

After a short period of Pisan domination, the Republic of Florence settle down the territory after previously defeating Pisa and conquering its territories.

From then Suvereto entered the Republic of Florence, being this latter governed by the Medici's Grand Dukes, who contributed to develop a rural economy.

During the XVII-th century the whole area of the Cornia valley experienced a phase of economic decline caused by the progressive spreading of the mashy lands.

The village of Suvereto raised up its chances only at the beginning of the XVIII-th century, by the coming of the Lorena's Dukes to the power. The Lorena's Dukes started an imposing work for the reclamation of the territory, thus promoting the repopulation of the area and the increase of the economy.

The Lorena's domination lasted almost uninterruptedly up to the Unity of Italy, with just the interruption of the French invasion.

In 1861 Suvereto was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Suvereto we point out here the Pieve di San Giusto (Saint Giusto Parish), the Chiesa di Santa Maria (Saint Mary Church), the Chiesa del Crocifisso (Crucifix Church), the Palazzo Comunale (Municipal Palace) and the Rocca Aldobrandesca (Aldobrandeschi's Fortress), that is the castle of the ancient Longbard lords who dominated the village during the Early Middle Ages.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Suvereto we remind here the traditional "Barrels Race" held yearly on August 14th and consisting of a relay race during which the riders roll their own barrels along the streets up to the finishing line.