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Borgo a Mozzano
Borgo a Mozzano (ZIP code 55023) is 21,5 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.
Borgo a Mozzano has a population of 7.354 inhabitants (Borghigiani) and a surface of 72,38 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 101,60 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 97 metres above the sea level.
The City Hall is located in Via Umberto I 1, phone ++39 0583 - 82041, fax ++39 0583 - 820459: the E-Mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Population: The municipality of Borgo a Mozzano had a popolation of 7.580 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 7.354 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -2,98% inhabitants.
The inhabitants are distributed in 2.915 families with an average of 2,52 people per family.
The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 52 and 976 metres above sea level.
The altimetric spawn is thus of 924 metres.
Work and workers:There are 260 industrial firms employing 2.482 people that are the 68,13% of the total of the workers. There are 163 service firms employing 382 people that are the 10,49% of the total of the workers. There are also 142 firms employing 413 people that are the 11,34% of the total of the workers. There are also 81 administrative offices emplying 366 workers that are the 10,05% of the total of the workers.
There is a total of 3.643 workers, that are the 49,54% of the inhabitants of the municipality.
Borgo a Mozzano rises along the right bank of the Serchio river.
The local economy is mainly based on agricultural activities and on the activity of numerous electromechanical industries and of other industries for the processing of plastic, paper, glass and for the production of building materials.
The place name comes from the compound of the Latin "borgus", with the meaning of "fortified place", and of "Mozzano", coming this latter from the Latin name of person "Modius".
The first settlements in the area of Borgo a Mozzano go back to the X-th century, when the territory was dominated by the Suffredinghi's family.
During the Early Middle Ages the village consolidated under the jurisdiction of Matilde, Countess of Canossa, starting to practise the first artisan activities for the manufacturing of iron and to trade all the produced objects, from which the community took its richness.
From the XIII-th century the city of Lucca imposed its influence on the territory of Borgo a Mozzano, first conquering it and then giving it as a feud to the noble Antelminelli's family.
At that time the community also started to practise rural activities, from which came the essential goods for living. Those latter were traded too with the close communities.
Later the village of Borgo a Mozzano was added to the Vicarship of the close locality of Coreglia, still staying under the influence of Lucca up to the middle of the XV-th century, when the village of Borgo a Mozzano was governed by the Florentine Francesco Sforza.
Some years later the whole area of the valley of the Serchio river passed under the hegemony of the Republic of Florence, having this latter started a policy of territorial expansion.
During the Florentine domination, first under the Medici's Grand Dukes and then under the Lorena's Dukes, Borgo a Mozzano increased its economic and political importance as the place where important services and trading activities took place.
During the Lorena's domination the village got an additional impulse thanks to the wise policy operated by the dukes, aiming this latter to reclaim the territory in order to cultivate new lands.
At the beginning of the XIX-th century the territory of Borgo a Mozzano was invaded by the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte, who stayed on until 1814 when the French occupation ended.
In 1861 Borgo a Mozzano was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.
Among the most important monuments to see in Borgo a Mozzano we point out here the Chiesa di San Pietro (Saint Peter Church), the Parrocchiale di San Jacopo (Saint Jacopo Parish), the Convento Francescano (Franciscan Convent) and the Palazzo del Comune (Municipal Palace).
Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Borgo a Mozzano we remind here the "Stuck Fish Festival" (a sort of dried stuck fish) held yearly on May 1st, during which it is possible to taste good typical courses cooked according to traditional recipes.