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Careggine

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Borgo di Isola Santa

Careggine (ZIP code 55030) is 63,6 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Careggine has a population of 642 inhabitants (Caregginini) and a surface of 24,41 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 26,30 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 882 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Carraia 12, phone ++39 0583 - 661061, fax ++39 0583 - 661062: the E-Mail address is comunecareggine@tin.it.

Population: The municipality of Careggine had a popolation of 754 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 642 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -14,85% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 270 families with an average of 2,38 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 384 and 1.575 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.191 metres.

Work and workers:There are 11 industrial firms employing 33 people that are the 47,83% of the total of the workers. There are 5 service firms employing 5 people that are the 7,25% of the total of the workers. There are also 16 firms employing 26 people that are the 37,68% of the total of the workers. There are also 4 administrative offices emplying 5 workers that are the 7,25% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 69 workers, that are the 10,75% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Careggine rises on the side of the Sumbra mount facing the Apuane Alps.

The local economy is mainly based on agricultural activites and on the cattle breeding. There are also numerous dairy industries and caves for the marble mining.

The place name probably comes from the Latin word "carex, caricis" with the meaning of "carice" (a sort of a herbaceous plant).

The birth of the village occurred around the VIII-th century A. C., when the first religious building was erected on the territory, whose around the community gathered and started building its houses.

Copyright © Editori dell'Acero Borgo di Isola Santa

In the beginning Careggine was under the direct jurisdiction of the Popes who during the next centuries alternated to the guide of the Papal State.

In the XIII-th century some noble local families swore loyalty to Pope Gregorio IX so to get some feudal properties in the Garfagnana area. They held the control of those properties up to the next century.

Between the XIV-th and the XV-th century numerous local lordships took turns to govern Careggine, but without being able to give to the village the necessary political stability so to develop its economy.

At that time the spreading of the brigandage phenomenon further aggravated the situation.

At the beginning of the XVI-th century the community of Careggine raised its sorts by putting itself under the protection of the Estensi's family, who were Lords of Ferrara.

The Estensi's family promoted the economic growing, being this latter based on the rural cultivations and on the sheep-farming.

During the middle of the XVI-th century the village of Careggine was governed for a short time by the Republic of Florence and later it passed again to the Estensi's family, whose domination lasted up to the beginning of the XIX-th century, when the French army leaded by Napoleone Bonaparte invaded the territory.

After the collapse of the Napoleonic Empire, in 1814 Careggine came back to the Estensi who governed up to the Unity of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Careggine we point out here the Chiesa di Sant'Agostino (Saint Augustine Church), the Pieve dei Santi Pietro e Paolo (Saints Peter and Paul Parish), the Castello (Castle) and the remains of the Medieval village.

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Careggine we remind here the traditional "Saints Peter and Paul's Feast" held yearly on June 29th and consisting of a religious mass and a procession in honour of the Patron Saints.