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Gallicano

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Gallicano (ZIP code 55027) is 37,7 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Gallicano has a population of 3.794 inhabitants (Gallicanesi) and a surface of 30,5 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 124,39 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 186 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Bertini 2, phone ++39 0583 - 73071, fax ++39 0583 - 74448: the E-Mail address is info@comune.gallicano.lu.it.

Population: The municipality of Gallicano had a popolation of 3.935 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 3.794 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -3,58% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 1.550 families with an average of 2,45 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 132 and 1.184 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.052 metres.

Work and workers:There are 85 industrial firms employing 642 people that are the 52,49% of the total of the workers. There are 72 service firms employing 225 people that are the 18,40% of the total of the workers. There are also 75 firms employing 231 people that are the 18,89% of the total of the workers. There are also 41 administrative offices emplying 125 workers that are the 10,22% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 1.223 workers, that are the 32,24% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Gallicano rises on a hill dominating the Serchio river.

The local economy is based on the cattle breeding and on the agricultural production of cereals and valuable wines. Recently a remarkable tourist activity developed, also thanks to the environmental improvement started at the beginning of the last century.

The place name probably comes from the proper name of person "Gallicanus" with reference to the name of the founder of the village of Gallicano.

The foundation and the successive development of the village of Gallicano occurred on the Middle Ages. At that time the village was quarrelled by numerous lordships and thus subdued the consequences of several conflicts among the cities of Lucca, Florence and Modena that wanted to conquer Gallicano.

Then Gallicano was part of the vicarship of the town of Trassilico. Around 1000, after a series of bloody struggles against the rival cities, Lucca conquered Trassilico and thus extended its jurisdiction also to Gallicano.

Lucca's domination lasted up to the second half of the XIII-th century.

During the XIV-th century the city of Florence, profiting both of the continuous conflicts among the local noblemen who wanted to reach the control of Gallicano and of the wide robbery, installed in the territory of Gallicano in 1347.

In the second half of the XV-th century the Estensi, Dukes of Modena, reached the control on the whole area of Garfagnana, in whose territory Gallicano was part. Thus Gallicano was annexed to the Modena's Dukedom up to the Unity of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most interesting monuments to see in Gallicano we point out here the Pieve di San Jacopo (Saint Jacopo Parish) and the Medieval village.

Among famous people born in Gallicano we remind here the orator Domenico Bertini (1417-1506).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Gallicano we point out here the traditional "Palio di San Jacopo" (Saint Jacopo Horse Race) held yearly on July 25th, in honour of the Saint Patron. The celebration consists of a religious procession and a horse race involving the all quarters of the town to arrange some pasteboard-made allegorical carts.