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Giuncugnano

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Giuncugnano (ZIP code 55030) is 111,1 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Giuncugnano has a population of 538 inhabitants (Giuncugnani) and a surface of 18,94 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 28,41 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 834 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Roma 2, phone ++39 0583 - 615066, fax ++39 0583 - 615162: the E-Mail address is anagragi@libero.it.

Population: The municipality of Giuncugnano had a popolation of 586 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 538 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -8,19% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 206 families with an average of 2,61 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 584 and 1.782 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.198 metres.

Work and workers:There are 10 industrial firms employing 27 people that are the 33,33% of the total of the workers. There are 10 service firms employing 24 people that are the 29,63% of the total of the workers. There are also 10 firms employing 25 people that are the 30,86% of the total of the workers. There are also 1 administrative offices emplying 5 workers that are the 6,17% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 81 workers, that are the 15,06% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Giuncugnano rises in a high position in the territory of the Garfagnana area.

The local economy is mainly based on agriculture, on silviculture and sheep-farming.

The place name comes from the proper name of person "Iucundius", to which the suffix "-anus" was added to indicate "belonging".

By its position and also by being surrounded by a thick and rich wooded vegetation, the village of Giuncugnano developed along the centuries in an isolation condition that did not allow the town the privileges granted to other localities of the Garfagnana area.

An official document dating back to the VIII-th century A.C. testifies the presence of numerous little rural villages.

Since the beginning the community of Giuncugnano lived off the wooded resources, from which abundant wood and food came.

Until the beginning of the XI-th century the whole area was dominated by the Longbards, after who the powerful city of Lucca succeeded.

While on one hand the isolated position of the village excluded it from the flourishing trading activity that took place in the Garfagnana area, on the other one it allowed Giuncugnano to escape from the consequences of the bloody struggles that at that time existing between the two political factions of the Guelphs (Papacy's supporters) and the Ghibellines (Empire's supporters).

Nevertheless Giuncugnano was quarrelled for a long among the republics of Lucca and Florence and the Dukedom of Modena, quarrel that lasted up to the middle of the XV-th century.

At that time the Estensi from Ferrara, who already governed the Dukedom of Modena, imposed their jurisdiction on the village of Giuncugnano.

After a short period of Florentine domination, the Estensi dominated undisturbed the village up to the French invasion of the territory occurred at the beginning of the XIX-th century.

Since 1815 Giuncugnano came back again to the Dukedom of Modena, still under the Estensi's family. In 1861 Giuncugnano was annexed to the Reing of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Giuncugnano we point out here the Chiesa di Sant'Andrea Apostolo (Saint Andrew Apostle Church), the Chiesa di Sant'Antonio Abate (Saint Anthony Abbot Church), the Chiesa di Magliano (Church of Magliano), the Santuario dell'Argegna (Sanctuary of the Argegna) and the Oratorio della Madonna di Sommocampo (Our Lady of Sommocampo Oratory).

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Giuncugnano we remind the "Spring Fair" held yearly on May and where it is possible to admire the fine local agricultural and artisan products.