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Piazza al Serchio

Photo © Municipality of Piazza al Serchio
Piazza al Serchio

Piazza al Serchio (ZIP code 55035) is 62 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Piazza al Serchio has a population of 2.556 inhabitants (Piazzino) and a surface of 27,08 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 94,39 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 536 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via G Marconi 6, phone ++39 0583 - 696200, fax ++39 0583 - 60438: the E-Mail address is piazza@mclink.it.

Population: The municipality of Piazza al Serchio had a popolation of 2.665 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 2.556 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -4,09% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 924 families with an average of 2,77 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 437 and 1.475 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.038 metres.

Work and workers:There are 63 industrial firms employing 237 people that are the 32,96% of the total of the workers. There are 76 service firms employing 166 people that are the 23,09% of the total of the workers. There are also 68 firms employing 209 people that are the 29,07% of the total of the workers. There are also 26 administrative offices emplying 107 workers that are the 14,88% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 719 workers, that are the 28,13% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Photo © Municipality of Piazza al Serchio
Piazza al Serchio

Piazza al Serchio rises the Garfagnana area, close to the high basin of the Serchio river.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits and on the activity of numerous industries working for the making cloths and for the production of building materials.

The place name comes from the compound of "piazza", with probable reference to a "square" or to a "market place", and of the specification "al Serchio", with reference to the position of the town in the high basin of the homonymous Serchio river.

The first human traces in the territory of Piazza al Serchio probably go back to pre Roman Ages but the first real residential settlements formed during the Longbard Age, as tesified by the numerous archaeological finds came to light and dating back to that time.

Since the Early Middle Ages the village of Piazza al Serchio developed and consolidated thanks to its strategic geographical position, along the boundary among Tuscany, Emilia and Liguria and close to numerous torrents.

At that time the Bishopric of Lucca imposed its influence on the territory and later the village was annexed to the domains of the Republic of Lucca.

During the domination of Lucca, Piazza al Serchio continued to enjoy the economic prosperity and a population increase.

During the XIII-th century the village of Piazza al Serchio became a desired place for the powerful cities of the time that quarrelled it vainly because the village was faithful to the Pisan power. The quarrel involved the Republic of Pisa, the Republic of Florence and the Dukedom of Modena, governed this latter by the Estensi's family from Ferrara.

Photo © Municipality of Piazza al Serchio
Ponte Piazza Bassa

For a short time the Republic of Lucca got to put on end the recurrent attempts to conquer tha village by the close localities, but during the XVIII-th century the Estensi's family imposed its supremacy on the village of Piazza al Serchio.

Thus this latter was annexed to the possessions of the Dukedom of Modena and added to the Diocese of Luni.

The period of the Estensi's domination lasted up to the beginning of the next century, when the territory was invaded by the Napoleonic troops that stayed on until 1814.

After the French occupation, the village of Piazza al Serchio came back again to the Estensi's family, whose government lasted up to its annexing to the Reign of Italy occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Piazza al Serchio we point out here the Chiesa di Piazza al Serchio (Church of Piazza al Serchio), the Chiesa di Santa Maria Assunta a Borsigliana (Saint Mary of the Assumption Church in Borsigliana), the Chiesa di San Biagio a Petrognano (Saint Biagio Church in Petrognano), the Chiesa di Sant'Anastasio (Saint Anastasio Church) and the remains of the Medieval village.

Among the several celebrations periodically taking place in Piazza al Serchio we remind the "Saint Peter's Fair" held yearly on the closest Sunday to June 28th and during which it is possible to taste the bst typical local courses, cooked according to the ancient traditional recipes.