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Sillano

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Sillano (ZIP code 55030) is 124,5 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Sillano has a population of 784 inhabitants (Sillanesi) and a surface of 62,22 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 12,60 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 735 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via Roma 12, phone ++39 0583 - 616056, fax ++39 0583 - 616245: the E-Mail address is comune.sillano@nodalisfree.it.

Population: The municipality of Sillano had a popolation of 792 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 784 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -1,01% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 330 families with an average of 2,38 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 596 and 2.054 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.458 metres.

Work and workers:There are 17 industrial firms employing 47 people that are the 29,38% of the total of the workers. There are 13 service firms employing 29 people that are the 18,13% of the total of the workers. There are also 15 firms employing 50 people that are the 31,25% of the total of the workers. There are also 11 administrative offices emplying 34 workers that are the 21,25% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 160 workers, that are the 20,41% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Sillano rises in the Garfagnana area.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, on silvicolture, on sheep-farming and also on tourism, thanks both to the beauty of the places ans of the landscapes and also to the presence of qualified and fine hotels.

The place name probably comes from the Latin proper name of person "Syllanus".

According to an ancient legend the village was founded in the 102 B.C. by the Romans, who struggled first against the Teutoni and then against the Cimbri. They would have built on the territory of Sillano a military stronghold in order to contrast the coming of the hostile armies.

The real development and consolidation of the village occurred during the Early Middle Ages, when a fortress was built and whose around the local community started to gather and build its houses.

Since the beginning Sillano had an important strategic role thanks to the presence of its fortified system that, up to the XIV-th, protected the village against the hostile invasions.

Nevertheless at the beginning of the same century, the territory of Sillano was invaded and devasted by the troops of the commander Castruccio Castracani that destroyed the ancient fortress of Sillano.

After the devastations operated by the troops of Lucca leaded by Castracani, the territory started to depopulate because it was not equipped with fortifications against the recurrent hostile incursions occurring the Garfagnana area.

In the middle of the next century the Estensi's family from Ferrara, called by the communities of the Garfagnana area, intervened to pacify the whole area.

The village of Sillano was added to the possessions of the Dukedom of Modena, under the Estensi's government, sharing of it its economic and political chances up to its annexing to the Reign of Italy, occurred on 1861 by the action of the King Vittorio Emanuele II di Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Sillano we point out here the Chiesa Parrocchiale di Sillano (Parish Church of Sillano), the Chiesa di San Michele Arcangelo (Saint Michael Archangel Church), the Chiesa di Rocca di Soraggio (Church of Rocca di Soraggio) and the Parco dell'Orecchiella (Orecchiella Park).

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Sillano we remind the "Show Market of typical foods and craftsmanship" held yearly on October and during which it is possible to admire several fine local crafts.