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Vergemoli

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Vergemoli (ZIP code 55020) is 44,2 kilometers far from Lucca, that is the Chief Town of the homonymous province to whom the municipality belongs.

Vergemoli has a population of 400 inhabitants (Vergemolini) and a surface of 27,21 square kilometers thus showing a population density of 14,70 inhabitants per square kilometer. It rises 619 metres above the sea level.

The City Hall is located in Via del Giardino 21, phone ++39 0583 - 764716, fax ++39 0583 - 764771: the E-Mail address is comunevergemoli@tin.it.

Population: The municipality of Vergemoli had a popolation of 463 inhabitants accordingly to the results of the national census made in 1991. After the national census made in 2001 the population was 400 inhabitants, thus showing during the years 1991 - 2001 a percentual variation of -13,61% inhabitants.

The inhabitants are distributed in 206 families with an average of 1,94 people per family.

The place: The territory of the municipality lies between 252 and 1.859 metres above sea level.

The altimetric spawn is thus of 1.607 metres.

Work and workers:There are 4 industrial firms employing 13 people that are the 18,57% of the total of the workers. There are 1 service firms employing 2 people that are the 2,86% of the total of the workers. There are also 14 firms employing 49 people that are the 70% of the total of the workers. There are also 5 administrative offices emplying 6 workers that are the 8,57% of the total of the workers.

There is a total of 70 workers, that are the 17,50% of the inhabitants of the municipality.

Vergemoli rises in the Garfagnana area, along the valley of the Turrite di Gallicano torrent.

The local economy is mainly based on the production of cereals, fodders, potatoes, chestnuts and on the breeding of ovines.

The place name probably comes from the proper name of person "Virgemulo", to which the doble genitive case "Veri" or "Viri" was associated.

The foundation of the village of Vergemoli occurred during the Early Middle Ages and along the next centuries it consolidated up to take its actual aspect.

The first historical data about the existence of the village go back to the X-th century. The village is quoted in an official document with the name of "Vallis Gemini", name indicating its particular geographical position, placed between two valleys.

Since the beginning Vergemoli was dominated by some noble families who were under the direct influence of the powerful city of Lucca. Up to the XV-th century the village had to subdue both the alternating of the powerful feudal lordships and the conflicts existing among the cities of Florence, Pisa, Lucca and Modena.

The community of Vergemoli raised its economic chances and found again its political stability just when the Estensi's family from Ferrara intervend to pacify the whole Garfagnana area and annexed some territories like that one of Vergemoli to the Dukedom of Modena.

The Estensi established a peaceful atmosphere that allowed the community of Vergemoli to develop its economy, mainly based on agriculture.

At the beginning of the XVII-th century the Estensi started a series of works for the restoration of the town and for the modernization of the ancient fortifications.

At the beginning of the XIX-th century the Estensi's domination was interrupted by the invasion of the territory operated by the Napoleonic troops that occupied the territory until 1814, when Vergemoli came back to the Estensi's family again.

In 1861 Vergemoli was annexed to the Reign of Italy by the King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia.

Among the most important monuments to see in Vergemoli we point out here the Chiesa di Sant'Antonio (Saint Anthony Church), the Chiesa dei Santi Quirico e Giuditta (Saints Quirico and Giuditta Church), the Chiesa della Vergine della Neve (Vergin of the Snow Church) rising in the close locality of Campolemisi, the Fontana Bernarda (Bernarda Fountain) and the suggestive "Grotta del Vento" (Cave of the Wind), one of the most beautiful place of the "Natural Park of the Apuane Alps".

Among the numerous celebrations periodically taking place in Vergemoli we remind the traditional "Popular Feast" held yearly on the middle of August and during which it is possible both to attend some folkloristic shows and to taste the good typical local foods and wines.